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Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

Grade: 2
kun’yomi on’yomi kun’yomi

Alternative formsEdit


Compound of 湯桶 (yutō, a hot-water bucket or spouted container) +‎ 読み (yomi, reading, pronunciation). For the way in which the word 湯桶 is read with a kun'yomi for the first kanji and an on'yomi for the second kanji.



湯桶読み (hiragana ゆとうよみ, rōmaji yutōyomi)

  1. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (linguistics) a reading pattern for a kanji-compound word, using the native Japanese kun'yomi for the first portion, and the Chinese-derived on'yomi for the second portion

Usage notesEdit

Defined in some sources[1] as applying only to two-character terms. Other sources[4] define this as also applying more broadly to any single word where the first portion is read with the kun and the second portion with the on. No sources define this as applying to multi-word terms.

Related termsEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan