See also:
U+7528, 用
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7528

[U+7527]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7529]
U+2F64, ⽤
KANGXI RADICAL USE

[U+2F63]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F65]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 101, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月手 (BQ), four-corner 77220)

  1. Kangxi radical #101, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 755, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21703
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1166, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 97, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7528

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
                 

Pictogram (象形): a water bucket. Compare .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *z(j)um ~ *zuŋ, provisionally set up by STEDT. Cognates to (OC loŋ) and (OC loŋ), outside Sinitic, Southern Bai zv³¹ (to use) Burmese သုံ (sum, to use), Ersu zi⁵⁵ (to use), Sichuan Yi (ssi, to use), Pa'o Karen [script needed] (sūŋ, to use).

Sun (1999) and Schuessler (2007) consider this word a cognate to Tibetan ལོངས (longs, use)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ēng - vernacular;
    • iōng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: iong5 / iong1
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /iʊŋ²¹/, /iʊŋ³³/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /in²¹/, /in³³/
  • Note:
    • iong5 - vernacular;
    • iong1 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /yŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʐuŋ⁵³/
    /yŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /yŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yuŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /yŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /yə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /yŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ỹn¹³/
    Ürümqi /yŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ioŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /yoŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /ioŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /ioŋ¹/
    Nanjing /ioŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /iŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /yŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /ỹŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦioŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ioŋ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦioŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ²²/
    Hui Shexian /yʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /in¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ioŋ⁵⁵/
    /ioŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /in²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /iuŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /iuŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ʒuŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ²²/
    Nanning /juŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /juŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ²²/
    /iŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zoŋ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨoŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jioŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ioŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /juawŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ioŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭwoŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯woŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yòng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yòng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yowngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*loŋ-s/
    English use (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15460
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*loŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to use; to employ; to operate
      電腦 / 电脑  ―  Nǐ huì bù huì yòng diànnǎo?  ―  Can you use a computer?
      海綿 / 海绵  ―  yòng hǎimián lái xī shuǐ.  ―  I used a sponge to draw the water.
    2. use; utility; usefulness
        ―  yǒuyòng  ―  useful
      /   ―  méiyòng  ―  useless
    3. (honorific) to eat; to drink
      時間 [MSC, trad.]
      时间 [MSC, simp.]
      Shì hē chá de shíjiān la, qǐng yòng yī bēi chá ba! [Pinyin]
      It is tea time. Please have a cup of tea!
    4. expenses; outlay
      /   ―  fèiyòng  ―  cost, expense
        ―  yòng  ―  expense
        ―  jiāyòng  ―  family expenses
    5. with; by; using
      叉子東西 / 叉子东西  ―  yòng chāzi chī dōngxi  ―  to eat with a fork
      筷子吃飯 / 筷子吃饭  ―  yòng kuàizǐ chīfàn.  ―  I eat food with chopsticks.
      抹布桌子 [MSC, trad.]
      湿抹布桌子 [MSC, simp.]
      yòng shī mǒbù cā zhuōzǐ. [Pinyin]
      I wash the table with a wet cloth.
      老闆稱呼 [MSC, trad.]
      老板称呼 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ lǎobǎn yòng xìng chēnghū wǒ. [Pinyin]
      My boss calls me by my last name.
    6. to need
      慢慢 / 慢慢  ―  yòng jí, mànmān lái.  ―  No need to hurry. Please take it easy.
    7. because of; due to; because
    8. A surname​.

    Usage notesEdit

    • (to need): Usually used with a negation.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (to use):

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (よう) ()
    • Korean: (, yong)
    • Vietnamese: dụng ()

    Others:

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 3721
    • Halpern: 2976
    • Halpern Learners: 1889
    • Heisig: 1181
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2r3.1
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Usage notesEdit

    Formerly used as man'yōgana for the back-vowel variant (甲類) of , romanized as yo1.

    NounEdit

    (よう) (

    1. use (noun)
      ()(ぎょう)(よう)(きょう)している()(さん)
      jigyō no ni kyō shite iru shisan
      assets provided for business use
    2. a task, business, an errand
      (こん)(ばん)(よう)あるから()かける
      Konban ga aru kara dekakeru.
      I'll be out this evening because I have an errand.

    SuffixEdit

    (よう) (-yō

    1. for the use of, for the purpose of, in case of
      ()(てい)(よう)(せっ)(けん)(さん)()(よう)ブーツ非常(ひじょう)(よう)
      katei sekken, sanpo no būtsu, hijō
      soap for household use, boots for [the purpose of] walking, in case of emergency

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨoŋH). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: yong) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [joːŋ]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (sseul yong))

    1. Hanja form? of (use).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: dụng, dùng, giùm, rùng, dộng, đụng, giùng, rụng, vùng

    1. to use
    2. to eat or drink