形容詞

See also: 形容词

ChineseEdit

word; phrase; classical Chinese poem
trad. (形容詞) 形容
simp. (形容词) 形容
 
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PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

形容詞

  1. (grammar) adjective

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
けい
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 5

Grade: 6
kan’on
 
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EtymologyEdit

From 形容 (keiyō, description; form) +‎ (-shi, word; part of speech).[1][2][3][4]

First cited to 1870.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(けい)(よう)() (keiyōshi

  1. [from 1870] (grammar) an -i adjective: specific to Japanese grammar, an adjective with an attributive form that ends in (​-i)
  2. [after 1870] (grammar) (more generally, such as in another language) an adjective
    (けい)(よう)()(かく)(へん)()
    keiyōshi no kakuhenka
    adjectival declension
    (しょ)(ゆう)(けい)(よう)()
    shoyū keiyōshi
    a possessive adjective
    フランス()(けい)(よう)()(およ)(めい)()(だん)(せい)(けい)(じょ)(せい)(けい)ある
    Furansu-go no keiyōshi oyobi meishi wa, danseikei to joseikei ga aru.
    French adjectives and nouns have masculine and feminine forms.

Usage notesEdit

In Japanese grammar, 形容詞 is a specific class of 用言 (yōgen, inflectable words), with a specific inflection. Historically, they include words whose 終止形 (shūshikei, final form) ends with and whose 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) ends with . In standard modern Japanese, they only include words whose both forms end with (hence the alternate name "-i adjective"). Other endings occur in dialects. These contrast with other classes of words with adjectival functions, such as 形容動詞 (keiyō dōshi, -na adjectives, literally adjectival verbs), 連体詞 (rentaishi, adnominals), and attributive nouns.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 形容詞”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  2. ^ 形容詞”, in デジタル大辞泉 (Dejitaru Daijisen)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

形容詞 (hyeongyongsa) (hangeul 형용사)

  1. Hanja form? of 형용사 (adjective).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

形容詞

  1. chữ Hán form of hình dung từ (adjective).