Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
くぼ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Etymology 1Edit

Verb derived from noun / (kubo, an indentation, a depression)[1] + verbalizing suffix (mu, seeming like, becoming like).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

窪む (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana くぼむ, rōmaji kubomu)

  1. to become hollow, cave in, sink in
ConjugationEdit
Usage notesEdit

The transitive form is 窪める / 凹める (kubomeru). Consequently, the potential form is the same as the passive form, くぼまれる (kubomareru), instead of くぼめる (kubomeru) as shown incorrectly in the table above.

The spelling 窪む is used more often for くぼむ, because the alternate spelling 凹む can also be read as へこむ.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
いし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Appears in texts from the Muromachi period.[1]

Ultimate derivation unclear. May be derived from adjective 美しい (ishii), which was used ironically to mean the opposite of its usual positive connotations.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

窪む (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana いしむ, rōmaji ishimu)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) to deform, to become deformed
  2. (archaic, possibly obsolete) to become cracked
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9