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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MU.png
U+3080, む
HIRAGANA LETTER MU

[U+307F]
Hiragana
[U+3081]

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

PronunciationEdit

SyllableEdit

(romaji mu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mu). Its equivalent in katakana is (mu). It is the thirty-third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō u-dan, row ma, section u).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

On’yomi of several Chinese characters.

AffixEdit

(rōmaji mu)

  1. : spear; lance
  2. : work; job; serve, service
  3. : no; not; non-; un-
  4. : fog; mist
  5. : dream
  6. : Used in transliteration.
  7. :
  8. : grave; tomb

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
む【身】
[noun](only in compounds) a body
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

(rōmaji mu)

  1. Used to indicate a mumbling sound.

Etymology 6Edit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

This term is obsolete. The suffix (mu) in Classical Japanese texts is now read as (n).

SuffixEdit

(rōmaji -mu)

  1. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) Used to form the conjectural form of verbs, equivalent to modern (-u > -ō) / よう (-yō).
Usage notesEdit

Conjugation: defective, with the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) and the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) (mu), which was also written as (n), and the 已然形 (izenkei, realis form) (me). In Old Japanese, the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) (ma) is also seen in the -aku nominal form まく (maku).

Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form).

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN