Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MU.svg
U+3080, む
HIRAGANA LETTER MU

[U+307F]
Hiragana
[U+3081]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

PronunciationEdit

SyllableEdit

(romaji mu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mu). Its equivalent in katakana is (mu). It is the thirty-third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō u-dan, row ma, section u).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
1
[noun] six
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
3
[noun] (only in compounds) a body
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

Etymology 4Edit

Onomatopoeia.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

(mu

  1. Used to indicate a mumbling sound.

Etymology 5Edit

From Old Japanese.[2]

PronunciationEdit

This term is obsolete. The suffix (mu) in Classical Japanese texts is now read as (n).

SuffixEdit

(-muyodan

  1. (Classical Japanese, after mizenkei) Used to form the volitional form of verbs, equivalent to modern (-u > -ō) / よう (-yō).
    c. late 9th–mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari
    (われ)こそ()
    Ware koso shiname.
    I would rather die myself.
    ()(たか)し。()()
    Nari takashi. Nari yamamu.
    You are too noisy. Be quiet
ConjugationEdit
  • Resembling yodan conjugation, but defective.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

On’yomi of various Chinese characters.

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
4
[noun] nothing, nothingness
[noun] (Buddhism) mu; the null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or other question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer).
[prefix] non-, un-
5
[affix] dream
[affix] illusion
[affix] vision
[affix] fantasy
5
[affix] military, martial
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as む.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , .)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan