Open main menu
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MU.png
U+3080, む
HIRAGANA LETTER MU

[U+307F]
Hiragana
[U+3081]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

PronunciationEdit

SyllableEdit

(romaji mu)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mu). Its equivalent in katakana is (mu). It is the thirty-third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō u-dan, row ma, section u).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
む【六】
[noun]six
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
む【身】
[noun](only in compounds) a body
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 4Edit

Onomatopoeia.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

(rōmaji mu)

  1. Used to indicate a mumbling sound.

Etymology 5Edit

From Old Japanese.[2]

PronunciationEdit

This term is obsolete. The suffix (mu) in Classical Japanese texts is now read as (n).

SuffixEdit

(rōmaji -mu)

  1. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) Used to form the conjectural form of verbs, equivalent to modern (-u > -ō) / よう (-yō).
Usage notesEdit

Conjugation: defective, with the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) and the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) (mu), which was also written as (n), and the 已然形 (izenkei, realis form) (me). In Old Japanese, the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) (ma) is also seen in the -aku nominal form まく (maku).

Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form).

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

On’yomi of various Chinese characters.

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
S
5
4
[noun]nothing, nothingness
[noun](Buddhism): The null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or other question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer).
[prefix]non-, un-
[prefix]non-, un-
S
5
[affix]dream
[affix]illusion
[affix]vision
[affix]fantasy
J
5
[affix]military, martial
5
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading む.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan