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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
綿花 (menka): the cotton flower.
Kanji in this term
綿
めん
Grade: 5

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Likely a shift in spelling from synonymous and homophonous  (めん) () (menka), from Middle Chinese 棉花 (MC miᴇn hˠua, literally “cotton + flower”).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

綿花 (hiragana めんか, rōmaji menka, historical hiragana めんくわ)

  1. raw cotton, cotton on the bush, a cotton flower

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
綿
わた
Grade: 5
はな > ばな
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of 綿 (wata, cotton) +‎ (hana, flower). The hana changes to bana as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

綿花 (hiragana わたばな, rōmaji watabana)

  1. (archaic) an artificial flower made of cotton
    Traditionally worn by male dancers as a kind of 挿頭 (kazashi, traditional decorative hairpin) for the 男踏歌 (otoko tōka) dance, held on the 15th day after the Lunar New Year in ancient Japan until the late Heian period.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN