English edit

 
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Etymology edit

From Middle English artificial (man-made) via Old French (modern French artificiel), from Latin artificiālis from artificium (skill), from artifex, from ars (skill), and -fex, from facere (to make). Displaced native Old English cræftlīċ.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

artificial (comparative more artificial, superlative most artificial)

  1. Man-made; made by humans; of artifice.
    The flowers were artificial, and he thought them rather tacky.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine. But they are nothing like as efficient, and can cause bleeding, clotting and infection—not to mention inconvenience for patients, who typically need to be hooked up to one three times a week for hours at a time.
  2. Insincere; fake, forced, or feigned.
    Her manner was somewhat artificial.
  3. Not natural or normal: imposed arbitrarily or without regard to the specifics or normal circumstances of a person, a situation, etc.
    • 1990 February 19, Peter Burnham, The Political Economy of Postwar Reconstruction, Springer, →ISBN, page 73:
      This results in an artificial conflation of the individual crises experienced by Western European states and leads to imprecise judgements on the impact of Marshall. This confusing conflation is not simply the product of retrospection.
    • 2002 May 9, Maxine Berg, Pat Hudson, Michael Sonenscher, Manufacture in Town and Country Before the Factory, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 35:
      [If] the economic literature of the eighteenth century is examined in terms other than the narrow categories of free trade and protection, the artificial division between the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries would break down .
    • 2016 November 10, Gabriele Lakomski, Scott Eacott, Colin W. Evers, Questioning Leadership: New directions for educational organisations, Taylor & Francis, →ISBN, page 156:
      In Alberta, for example, policy documents reinforce an artificial distinction between leadership-related activity and management.
    • 2017 July 12, A. Javier Trevino, The Sociology of Law: Classical and Contemporary Perspectives, Routledge, →ISBN:
      The method of suppression is generally either an artificial conflation of public and private, in which the public is represented as private, or an artificial separation of public from private, which distracts attention from the public []
  4. (bridge) Conveying some meaning other than the actual contents of one's hand.
    Synonym: conventional
    Antonym: natural
    • 1999, Edwin B. Kantar, Eddie Kantar Teaches Advanced Bridge Defense, page 191:
      An artificial bid doesn't necessarily show length in the suit being bid, it has an altogether different meaning.
    • 2008, David Galt, Teach Yourself Visually Bridge, page 219:
      North makes an artificial call of 3♧, the cheapest suit at the 3 level, to show a very poor hand. What North holds in clubs doesn't matter at all.

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Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also edit

References edit

Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin artificiālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /aɾtifiˈθjal/
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: ar‧ti‧fi‧cial

Adjective edit

artificial (plural artificials)

  1. artificial

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • artificial”, in Aragonario, diccionario castellano–aragonés (in Spanish)

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin artificiālis.

Adjective edit

artificial (epicene, plural artificiales)

  1. artificial

Related terms edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin artificiālis.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

artificial m or f (masculine and feminine plural artificials)

  1. artificial
    Antonym: natural

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Latin artificiālis.

Adjective edit

artificial m or f (plural artificiais)

  1. artificial

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin artificiālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Adjective edit

artificial m (feminine singular artificiala, masculine plural artificials, feminine plural artificialas)

  1. artificial

Derived terms edit

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Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin artificiālis.

Pronunciation edit

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /aʁ.t͡ʃi.fi.siˈaw/ [ah.t͡ʃi.fi.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /aʁ.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaw/ [ah.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaʊ̯]
    • (São Paulo) IPA(key): /aɾ.t͡ʃi.fi.siˈaw/ [aɾ.t͡ʃi.fi.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /aɾ.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaw/ [aɾ.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaʊ̯]
    • (Rio de Janeiro) IPA(key): /aʁ.t͡ʃi.fi.siˈaw/ [aχ.t͡ʃi.fi.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /aʁ.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaw/ [aχ.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaʊ̯]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /aɻ.t͡ʃi.fi.siˈaw/ [aɻ.t͡ʃi.fi.sɪˈaʊ̯], (faster pronunciation) /aɻ.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaw/ [aɻ.t͡ʃi.fiˈsjaʊ̯]
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ɐɾ.ti.fiˈsjal/ [ɐɾ.ti.fiˈsjaɫ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /ɐɾ.ti.fiˈsja.li/

  • Hyphenation: ar‧ti‧fi‧ci‧al
  • (file)

Adjective edit

artificial m or f (plural artificiais)

  1. artificial

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French artificiel, from Latin artificialis.

Adjective edit

artificial m or n (feminine singular artificială, masculine plural artificiali, feminine and neuter plural artificiale)

  1. artificial

Declension edit

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Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin artificiālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /aɾtifiˈθjal/ [aɾ.t̪i.fiˈθjal]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /aɾtifiˈsjal/ [aɾ.t̪i.fiˈsjal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: ar‧ti‧fi‧cial

Adjective edit

artificial m or f (masculine and feminine plural artificiales)

  1. artificial
    Antonym: natural

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit