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U+82B1, 花
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82B1

[U+82B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82B2]
花 U+2F993, 花
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F993
劳
[U+2F992]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 芳
[U+2F994]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Simplified Chinese and Japanese
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +4, 8 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 7 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 廿人心 (TOP), four-corner 44214, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1020, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3181, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82B1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
variant forms


𠌶

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*lu, *ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*hʷa
*hŋʷaːls
*hʷraː
*hŋʷraːls
*hŋʷraːls
*pilʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hʷraː): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *hŋʷraːls). Originally 𠌶 or before the Han dynasty.

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. According to Schuessler (2007), either from:

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hoe - vernacular;
  • hoa - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (99)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hˠua/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xua/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /xua/
    Wang
    Li
    /xwa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xwa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huā
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xwæ ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷʰˁra/
    English flower (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5326
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hʷraː/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. flower; blossom (Classifier: m c;  m c;  h mn;  m c;  m;  m c;  m;  c)
        ―  huāduǒ  ―  flower
    2. florid; flowery
    3. pattern; design
        ―  sōnghuādàn  ―  thousand-year-old egg
    4. blurred
        ―  yǎnhuā  ―  to have blurred vision
    5. fireworks
    6. essence; cream
    7. wound
    8. smallpox
    9. courtesan; prostitute
    10. to spend (money, time, etc.); to cost
    11. profligate
    12. (slang) randy; lecherous
    13. (slang) to be horny; to womanize
    14. false
    15. (Cantonese) scratched
    16. (Cantonese, card games) flush
    17. A surname​. Hua

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 花朵 (“flower”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 花朵,
    Mandarin Beijing 花兒
    Taiwan
    Shenyang
    Hailar 花兒
    Ulanhot 花兒
    Tongliao 花兒
    Chifeng 花兒
    Bayanhot 花兒
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang 花兒
    Wanrong 花兒
    Xi'an
    Zhengzhou 花兒
    Xining 花兒,
    Xuzhou 花兒
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou 花兒,
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Kunming
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 花兒
    Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan)
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
    Dongguan (Qingxi)
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
    Conghua (Lütian)
    Luchuan (Daqiao)
    Yudu
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 花兒
    Pingyao
    Xinzhou 花兒
    Baochang 花兒
    Jining 花兒
    Hohhot 花兒
    Baotou 花兒
    Dongsheng 花兒
    Linhe
    Haibowan 花兒
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen , 花蕊
    Quanzhou , 花蕊
    Zhangzhou , 花蕊
    Taipei , 花蕊
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning , 花朵
    Guilin
    Shehua Fu'an
    Fuding
    Luoyuan
    Sanming
    Shunchang
    Hua'an
    Guixi
    Cangnan
    Jingning
    Lishui
    Longyou
    Chaozhou
    Fengshun
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Ai-Cham: hwa¹
    • Korean: (hwa)
    • Vietnamese: hoa
    • Zhuang: va

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. flower
    2. beauty
    3. red-light district

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    はな
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /pana//fana//hana/

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. a flower
      • 1999 February 4, “えんそう [Fire Grass]”, in Vol.1, Konami:
         () (ざん) (ちか)くに (せい) (そく)する (くさ) (はな)から () (えん) () (こう) (げき)する。
        Kazan no chikaku ni seisoku suru kusa. Hana kara kaen o fuki kōgeki suru.
        A grass that grows near volcanoes. It breathes fire from its flowers.
      • 1999 March 1, “ダーク・プラント [Dark Plant]”, in BOOSTER 1, Konami:
         () (せん)された (つち) (やみ) (ちから) (そだ)てられた (はな)。とても (きょう) (ぼう)
        Osen sareta tsuchi to yami no chikara de sodaterareta hana. Totemo kyōbō.
        A flower that grows from polluted soil and dark powers. It is very nasty.
      • 1999 May 25, “しんえんはな [The Flower That Blooms in the Abyss]”, in BOOSTER 2, Konami:
         (ひかり) (とど)かない (しん) (えん)にひっそりと ()く、あまり ()かけない (はな)
        Hikari no todokanai shin'en ni hissori to saku, amari mikakenai hana.
        A rarely seen flower that silently blooms in the depths of the abyss where the sun never shines.
      • 1999 July 5, “いのちあるびん [Living Vase]”, in BOOSTER 3, Konami:
         ()けてある (はな)から、 () (ふん) ()ばし ()みついてくる ()きている () (びん)
        Iketearu hana kara, kafun o tobashi kamitsuitekuru ikiteiru kabin.
        A living vase that bites and releases pollen from its living flowers.
       (はな) () (ごろ)
      hana ga saku goro
      when the flowers bloom
    2. Short for 生け花 (ikebana): flower arrangement
    3. Short for 花札 (hanafuda): Japanese playing cards
    4. the best days of one's life
    5. the best thing
    6. essence

    DescendantsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (kkot hwa))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    KunigamiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱなー, romaji phanā)

    1. flower

    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱな, romaji pana)

    1. flower

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はな, romaji hana)

    1. flower

    VietnameseEdit

    YaeyamaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱな, romaji pana)

    1. flower

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はな, romaji hana)

    1. flower