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U+82B1, 花
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82B1

[U+82B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82B2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Simplified Chinese and Japanese
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +4, 8 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 7 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 廿人心 (TOP), four-corner 44214, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1020, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1478, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3181, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82B1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*lu, *ŋʷaːl
*ŋʷaːl
*hʷa
*hŋʷaːls
*hʷraː
*hŋʷraːls
*hŋʷraːls
*pilʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hʷraː): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *hŋʷraːls). Originally 𠌶 or before the Han dynasty.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hoe - vernacular;
  • hoa - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (99)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hˠua/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xua/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /xua/
    Wang
    Li
    /xwa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xwa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huā
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xwæ ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷʰˤra/
    English flower (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5326
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hʷraː/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. flower; blossom (Classifier: m;  m;  m;  m;  m;  m)
        ―  huāduǒ  ―  flower
    2. florid; flowery
    3. pattern; design
        ―  sōnghuādàn  ―  thousand-year-old egg
    4. blurred
        ―  yǎnhuā  ―  to have blurred vision
    5. fireworks
    6. essence; cream
    7. wound
    8. smallpox
    9. courtesan; prostitute
    10. to spend (money, time, etc.)
    11. profligate
    12. (slang) randy; lecherous
    13. (slang) to be horny; to womanize
    14. false
    15. (Cantonese) scratched
    16. A surname​. Hua

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 花朵 (“flower”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 花朵
    Mandarin Beijing 花兒
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Muping
    Xi'an
    Lanzhou 花兒
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 花兒
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen 花蕊
    Quanzhou 花蕊
    Zhangzhou 花蕊
    Taipei 花蕊
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning 花朵
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. flower
    2. beauty
    3. red-light district

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    はな
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /pana//fana//hana/

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. a flower
      • 1999 February 4, “えんそう [Fire Grass]”, in Vol.1 (in Japanese), Konami:
         () (ざん) (ちか)くに (せい) (そく)する (くさ) (はな)から () (えん) () (こう) (げき)する。
        Kazan no chikaku ni seisoku suru kusa. Hana kara kaen o fuki kōgeki suru.
        A grass that grows near volcanoes. It breathes fire from its flowers.
      • 1999 March 1, “ダーク・プラント [Dark Plant]”, in BOOSTER 1 (in Japanese), Konami:
         () (せん)された (つち) (やみ) (ちから) (そだ)てられた (はな)。とても (きょう) (ぼう)
        Osen sareta tsuchi to yami no chikara de sodaterareta hana. Totemo kyōbō.
        A flower that grows from polluted soil and dark powers. It is very nasty.
      • 1999 May 25, “しんえんはな [The Flower That Blooms in the Abyss]”, in BOOSTER 2 (in Japanese), Konami:
         (ひかり) (とど)かない (しん) (えん)にひっそりと ()く、あまり ()かけない (はな)
        Hikari no todokanai shin'en ni hissori to saku, amari mikakenai hana.
        A rarely seen flower that silently blooms in the depths of the abyss where the sun never shines.
      • 1999 July 5, “いのちあるびん [Living Vase]”, in BOOSTER 3 (in Japanese), Konami:
         ()けてある (はな)から、 () (ふん) ()ばし ()みついてくる ()きている () (びん)
        Iketearu hana kara, kafun o tobashi kamitsuitekuru ikiteiru kabin.
        A living vase that bites and releases pollen from its living flowers.
       (はな) () (ごろ)
      hana ga saku goro
      when the flowers bloom
    2. Short for 生け花 (ikebana): flower arrangement
    3. Short for 花札 (hanafuda): Japanese playing cards
    4. the best days of one's life
    5. the best thing
    6. essence

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (kkot hwa))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hoa, huê, hân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.