膝皿

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
さら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
さら > ざら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of ‎(hiza, knee) +‎ ‎(sara, plate), from the shape of the bone.[1]

Also encountered with the reading hizazara. The sara changes to zara due to rendaku (連濁).[2][3][4]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

膝皿 ‎(hiragana ひざさら, romaji hiza sara)

  1. (anatomy) The kneecap, the patella.

Usage notesEdit

Both 膝の皿 ‎(hiza no sara) and 膝皿 ‎(hiza sara) are in use in modern Japanese, with 膝の皿 ‎(hiza no sara) used more frequently. The term 膝蓋骨 ‎(shitsugaikotsu) is somewhat more technical, a bit like English patella compared to kneecap.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0