U+819D, 膝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-819D

[U+819C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+819E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月木人水 (BDOE), four-corner 74232, composition)

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 993, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2106, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+819D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰiɡ
*sʰiɡ
*siɡ
*siɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *siɡ): semantic (meat, body) + phonetic (OC *sʰiɡ) – a body part, the knee.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sit - literary;
  • chhiak/chhek - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sit̚/
Li
Rong
/siĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sit ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tsik/
English knee

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9928
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. knee
    膝蓋膝盖 (xīgài, “knee”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ひざ, romaji hiza)

  1. knee

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seul) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.