U+819D, 膝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-819D

[U+819C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+819E]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 130, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月木人水 (BDOE), four-corner 74232, composition)

Coordinate terms

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Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 993, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2106, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+819D

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. ⿰月夕
alternative forms

𦡩
𦜔

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *siɡ) : semantic (meat, body) + phonetic (OC *sʰiɡ) – the knee.

Originally , a phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *siɡ) : phonetic (OC *sʰiɡ) + semantic (kneeling person).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • Quanzhou and Taiwan:
    • sit - literary;
    • chhek/chhiak - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter sit
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sit̚/
Li
Rong
/siĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sat1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sit ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tsik/
English knee

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9928
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siɡ/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. (anatomy) knee
      ―  gài  ―  knee

Compounds

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Synonyms

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *pinsa.

Pronunciation

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  • (Tokyo) [hìzá] (Heiban – [0])[1]
  • IPA(key): [çiza̠]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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(ひざ) (hiza

  1. knee
    (ひざ)(かか)える
    hiza o kakaeru
    to hug one's knees

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC sit).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 시ᇙ〮 (Yale: sílq)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 무룹 (Yale: mwùlwùp) 슬〮 (Yale: súl)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 무릎 (mureup seul))

  1. Hanja form? of (knee). [affix]

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: tất

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.