Contents

ChineseEdit

knee head; (noun suffix)
trad. (膝頭)
simp. (膝头)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

膝頭

  1. (literary or Cantonese, Gan, Hakka, Hainan) knee

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 膝蓋 (“knee”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 膝蓋
Mandarin Beijing 膊楞蓋兒胳楞瓣兒磕膝蓋兒
Taiwan 膝蓋
Jinan 膊拉蓋胳拉瓣兒
Xi'an 磕膝蓋
Wuhan 磕膝頭拱子
Chengdu 磕膝頭兒
Yangzhou 胳記頭子
Hefei 胳腦頭子胳腦頭磕膝頭
Cantonese Guangzhou 膝頭哥膝頭
Hong Kong 膝頭哥膝頭
Taishan 膝頭
Yangjiang 膝頭
Gan Nanchang 膝頭膝頭蓋子磕膝磕膝頭子
Hakka Meixian 膝頭
Xingning 膝頭
Huidong 膝頭
Qujiang 膝頭鼓
Xiaosanjiang 腳頭鼓
Changting 膝頭
Pingyu 膝頭
Wuping 膝頭
Ninghua 膝頭拐
Ruijin 膝頭蓋子
Shicheng 膝頭
Shangyou 膝頭腦
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 膝頭腳膝頭
Liudui (S. Sixian) 膝頭腳膝頭
Hsinchu (Hailu) 膝頭腳膝頭
Dongshi (Dabu) 膝頭腳膝頭
Zhuolan (Raoping) 膝頭腳膝頭
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 膝頭腳膝頭
Jin Taiyuan 圪膝蓋圪地跪
Min Bei Jian'ou 跤腹頭
Min Dong Fuzhou 跤腹頭
Min Nan Xiamen 跤頭趺
Quanzhou 跤頭趺
Zhangzhou 跤頭趺跤尫仔
Taipei 跤頭趺
Kaohsiung 跤頭趺
Tainan 跤頭趺跤頭腕
Taichung 跤頭趺
Yilan 跤頭趺
Lukang 跤腕跤頭趺
Sanxia 跤頭腕
Kinmen 跤頭趺
Magong 跤頭趺
Hsinchu 跤頭趺
Penang 跤頭趺
Chaozhou 跤頭趺
Wu Shanghai 腳饅頭
Suzhou 腳饅頭膝饅頭
Wenzhou 腳窟頭
Xiang Changsha 膝頭骨磕膝骨
Shuangfeng 膝頭骨

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ひざ
Grade: S
かしら > がしら
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (hiza, knee) +‎ (kashira, head; top, tip).[1][2] The kashira changes to gashira as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

膝頭 (hiragana ひざがしら, romaji hizagashira)

  1. (anatomy) The front of the knee.
  2. (anatomy) The kneecap, the patella.

Usage notesEdit

This term is even more general in meaning than 膝の皿 (hiza no sara) / 膝皿 (hiza sara) or 膝蓋骨 (shitsugaikotsu).

SynonymsEdit

IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9