JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
えら
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "選ぶ"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
選ぶ [èráꜜbù]
Imperative (命令形) 選べ [èráꜜbè]
Key constructions
Passive 選ばれる らばれ [èrábáréꜜrù]
Causative 選ばせる らばせ [èrábáséꜜrù]
Potential 選べる らべ [èrábéꜜrù]
Volitional 選ぼう らぼ [èrábóꜜò]
Negative 選ばない らばない [èrábáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 選ばなかった らばなかった [èrábáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 選びます らびま [èrábímáꜜsù]
Perfective 選んだ んだ [èráꜜǹdà]
Conjunctive 選んで んで [èráꜜǹdè]
Hypothetical conditional 選べば べば [èráꜜbèbà]

VerbEdit

(えら) (erabutransitive godan (stem (えら) (erabi), past (えら)んだ (eranda))

  1. to select; to choose
    • 2005: Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
      選ばれし者だったのに!
      You were the chosen one!
    • 2007 February 1, Kitoh, Mohiro, “第31話「(きり)()(よう)(すけ)」③ [Chapter 31: “Kirie Yōsuke” ③]”, in ぼくらの [Our], volume 6 (fiction), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 55:
      イルカの()(かな)しんでも、()(ちく)(ぶた)()にいちいち(なみだ)(なが)(ひと)はいない。それはそこに(じゅん)(ばん)をつけているからよね。だから()(じん)()()(じん)()、どちらかを(せん)(たく)しなくてはいけなくなったら、(わたし)(まよ)わず()(じん)()(えら)
      Iruka no shi o kanashinde mo, kachiku no buta no shi ni ichiichi namida o nagasu hito wa inai. Sore wa soko ni junban o tsuketeiru kara yo ne. Dakara chijin no shi to tajin no shi, dochira ka o sentakushinakute wa ikenaku nattara, watashi wa mayowazu tajin no shi o erabu.
      People may feel sad when a dolphin dies, but no one sheds tears over a livestock pig. It’s because those things aren’t equally important to them. That’s why, if I have to choose who to die between a friend and a stranger, I will always choose the stranger.
    • 2009 July 23, Adachi, Mitsuru; Buronson, “白い夏 [White Summer]”, in SHORT PROGRAM(ショート・プログラム) [SHORT PROGRAM], volume 3 (fiction), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 181:
      (おれ)()(ろう)(えら)ばなくて(せい)(かい)なったぜ、()()。なァ(ひろし)
      Ore ya Gorō o erabanakute seikai natta ze, Ami. Nā Hiroshi.
      Good thing you didn’t choose me or Gorō, Ami. Right, Hiroshi?
  2. to elect
  3. to screen

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.