See also: and
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EBA
Code point U+4EBA
Entity number 人
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EB9] [U+4EBB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
人-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – resembles the legs of a human being. The ancient version of this character depicted a man with arms and legs. Compare .

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
人-oracle.svg 人-bronze.svg 人-silk.svg 人-bigseal.svg 人-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 人 (O), four-corner 80000)

Usage notesEdit

In print, 人 may have symmetric legs. However in handwriting, to distinguish from , the right leg will be shorter, the shape looking like a ʎ; in 入 the left leg is shorter.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 91, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 190, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 101, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4EBA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐən³⁵/
Harbin /ʐən²⁴/
/in²⁴/
Tianjin /in⁴⁵/
/ʐən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /iə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən²⁴/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʐəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ¹³/
/zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
/ȵin¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/ 文讀
/ȵaŋ³¹/ 白讀
/naŋ³¹/ 訓讀
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃⁴⁴/
/niʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵin⁴⁵/
/lɨn⁴⁵/ ~參
Hakka Meixian /ŋin¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋin¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn²¹/
Nanning /jɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /jɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /neiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziŋ⁵⁵/
/naŋ⁵⁵/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /zin³¹/
/naŋ³¹/ 訓儂
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵin/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyin › /*ni[ŋ]/ (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10800 1 /*njin/

NounEdit

(classifiers (), (wèi))

  1. man, person, people
  2. human being, Homo sapiens
    • /   ―  rénlèi  ―  humanity, human race, mankind
  3. body
  4. everybody, everyone
    • 人人  ―  rénrén  ―  everybody
    • 手一冊 / 手一册  ―  rénshǒu yīcè  ―  It's a bestseller. (lit. Everyone has a copy.)
  5. physical, psychological or moral quality or condition
  6. a person associated with a particular identity or trait; -er
  7. manpower, worker, employee
  8. talent, a person of talent
  9. other people
    • 云亦云  ―  rényún yìyún  ―  to follow the crowd (lit. to say what others say)
  10. common people, commoner
  11. adult, grown-up
  12. reason
  13. sexual intercourse
    •   ―  réndào  ―  sexual intercourse
    •   ―  rénshì  ―  sexual intercourse
  14. company, companion, friend
  15. (= (rén)) kernel
  16. (= (rén)) charity

AdjectiveEdit

  1. artificial, man-made
  2. mortal
  3. (= (rén)) loving, kind

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Etymology 2Edit

From . Often considered as the vernacular counterpart of etymology 1.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐən³⁵/
Harbin /ʐən²⁴/
/in²⁴/
Tianjin /in⁴⁵/
/ʐən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /iə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən²⁴/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʐəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ¹³/
/zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
/ȵin¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/ 文讀
/ȵaŋ³¹/ 白讀
/naŋ³¹/ 訓讀
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃⁴⁴/
/niʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵin⁴⁵/
/lɨn⁴⁵/ ~參
Hakka Meixian /ŋin¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋin¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn²¹/
Nanning /jɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /jɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /neiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziŋ⁵⁵/
/naŋ⁵⁵/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /zin³¹/
/naŋ³¹/ 訓儂

NounEdit

(Min)

  1. man, person, people, human being, Homo sapiens
  2. a person associated with a particular identity or trait; -er
  3. physical, psychological or moral quality or condition

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐən³⁵/
Harbin /ʐən²⁴/
/in²⁴/
Tianjin /in⁴⁵/
/ʐən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /iə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən²⁴/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʐəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ¹³/
/zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
/ȵin¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/ 文讀
/ȵaŋ³¹/ 白讀
/naŋ³¹/ 訓讀
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃⁴⁴/
/niʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵin⁴⁵/
/lɨn⁴⁵/ ~參
Hakka Meixian /ŋin¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋin¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn²¹/
Nanning /jɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /jɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /neiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziŋ⁵⁵/
/naŋ⁵⁵/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /zin³¹/
/naŋ³¹/ 訓儂

NounEdit

(Min)

  1. other people

PronounEdit

(Min)

  1. I, me

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/pi1to2/ → */pitə//fito//hito/

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(counter , hiragana ひと, katakana ヒト, romaji hito)

  1. person
  2. human
  3. someone else
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
にん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(nyin, person). The goon, so likely the earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana にん, romaji -nin)

  1. people
Usage notesEdit

The nin reading is used when counting three people or more. When counting one or two people as in 一人 ‎(hitori, one person) or 二人 ‎(futari, two people), the reading is ‎(-ri).

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(nyin, person). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana じん, romaji -jin)

  1. person from that group
    アジア (じん)、イギリス (じん)、スペイン (じん)、ドイツ (じん)、アメリカ (じん)、スコットランド (じん)
    Ajiajin, Igirisujin, Supeinjin, Doitsujin, Amerikajin, Sukottorandojin
    an Asian, an Englishman, a Spaniard, a German, an American, a Scot
  2. person who does the activity of the suffixed word

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(in)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: in, McCune-Reischauer: in, Yale: in)
  • Name (hangeul): 사람 (revised: saram, McCune-Reischauer: saram, Yale: salam)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

Han characterEdit

(nhân, nhơn)

  1. (dialectal, Northern Vietnam) Hán tự form of nhân, "human"
  2. (dialectal, Southern Vietnam) Hán tự form of nhơn, "human"

NounEdit

  1. Abbreviation of người. (only in handwriting)
    con = con người

Alternative formsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Read in another language