First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 곶 (Yale: kwoc). The change to a tense consonant initial occurred as this word ("flower") was frequently used as the second part of a compound noun denoting a specific flower (e.g. 연꽃 (yeonkkot)), in which the connecting genitive -ㅅ- (-s-) formed a "-sk-" medial cluster with koc, which developed into "-kk-" in Modern Korean. This development in compound nouns was generalised to koc as well.
- Phonetic Hangul[꼳]
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?
꽃 • (kkot)
- (botany) flower; flowering plant
- Kkochi pinda.
- Flowers bloom.
꽃 한 송이
- kkot han song-i
- a flower / one flower
꽃 한 다발
- kkot han dabal
- a bunch of flowers
- (figuratively) prime; central part; essence
- 화 (花, hwa, “flower”) (used only in compounds)
- ^ Ki-mun Yi, Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey. A History of the Korean Language. Cambridge University Press, 2011. →ISBN.