U+C774, 이
HANGUL SYLLABLE I
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:d-l

[U+C773]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C775]




의 ←→ 자
See also: -이 and -이-

Cia-CiaEdit

PrepositionEdit

(’i)

  1. the locative particle: in; at

JejuEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Korean word from . Cognate with Korean (i).

NumeralEdit

(i)

  1. two

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with Korean (i).

DeterminerEdit

(i)

  1. this

See alsoEdit

  • (geu, that)
  • (jeo, that (distal))

ReferencesEdit

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Korean 이〮 (í, this), from Old Korean 是, 利 (*i, this).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?i
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

DeterminerEdit

(i)

  1. this (proximal determiner)
    Synonym: (yo, this, diminutive)
    Coordinate terms: (geu, that, mesial), (jeo, that, distal)
    그림 있다.
    I geurim-eul bon jeog-i itda.
    I have seen this picture.
    (file)

PronounEdit

(i)

  1. (literary, formal or dialectal) this, this thing, this person
    Synonyms: 이것 (igeot, this thing), 이거 (igeo, this thing, colloquial), (yae, this person, colloquial)
    Coordinate terms: (geu, that, mesial), (jeo, that, distal)
    뭣고? (Zen Buddhist koan, Gyeongsang dialect)I mwotgo?What is this?
    대한민국 시민으로서 납득할 없습니다.
    Daehanmin'guk simin-euroseo i-neun napdeukhal su eopseumnida.
    As a citizen of the Republic of Korea, this is not something I can accept.
  2. (dialectal) here
    Synonym: 여기 (yeogi)
Usage notesEdit

In spoken Korean, the word is used only as a determiner. To say "this person", "this thing", etc., a noun must be present: 사람 (i saram, this person), (i geot, this thing), etc.

See alsoEdit
Korean demonstratives edit
Determiner 어느
Pronoun Human 이이 그이 저이
이분 그분 저분 어느 분
이자 그자 저자
Object () () 어느
이것 그것 저것 어느
이거 그거 저거 어느
Place 여기 거기 저기 어디
이곳 그곳 저곳 어느 곳
Direction 이쪽 그쪽 저쪽 어느
Time 이때 그때 접때 언제
Verb 이러다 그러다 저러다 어쩌다
이리하다 그리하다 저리하다 어찌하다
Adjective 이렇다 그렇다 저렇다 어떻다
이러하다 그러하다 저러하다 어떠하다
Adverb 이리 그리 저리 어찌
이렇게 그렇게 저렇게 어떻게
이만큼 그만큼 저만큼 얼마만큼(얼만큼)

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading ᅀᅵ〯 (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪH).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?ī
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 이 / 이까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

Korean numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Native isol.: (dul)
    Native attr.: (du)
    Sino-Korean: (i)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 둘째 (duljjae)

NumeralEdit

(i) (hanja )

  1. two
Usage notesEdit

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 니〮 (Yale: ). Compounds still retain the original form.

PronunciationEdit

In isolation or as the initial element of a compound:

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?i

As the non-initial element of a compound:

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ni
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ni
McCune–Reischauer?ni
Yale Romanization?ni
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

 
(i, “teeth”)

NounEdit

(i)

  1. tooth, teeth (chiefly of a human)
    아프다
    i-ga apeuda
    for the teeth to hurt; to have a toothache
    으면 잇몸으로 산다. (proverb)
    I eops-eumyeon inmom-euro sanda.
    With no teeth, I'd live with my gum.
    Synonyms: 이빨 (ippal, tooth, of an animal or colloquially of a human), 치아(齒牙) (chia, tooth, formal, academic)
  2. the teeth of a saw or a similar jagged surface
    빠진
    i ppajin keop
    a chipped cup
    (file)
  3. (rare) mechanical joint
    Synonym: 이음 (ieum)
Usage notesEdit
  • In South Korea, the compounded form is written (ni) to reflect the actual pronunciation. In North Korea, it is written (i) for consistency. The pronunciation is the same in both countries except if spelling pronunciation interferes for some North Koreans.
Alternative formsEdit
  • (ni, as the second element of a compound, in South Korean orthography)
Derived termsEdit
  • 금니 (geumni, gold teeth)
  • 덧니 (deonni, snaggleteeth)
  • 막니 (mangni, wisdom teeth (dialectal))
  • 사랑니 (sarangni, wisdom teeth)
  • 송곳니 (songgonni, canine teeth)
  • 아랫니 (araenni, lower teeth)
  • 앞니 (amni, incisor)
  • 어금니 (eogeumni, molar)
  • 윗니 (winni, upper teeth)
  • 은니 (eunni, silver teeth)
  • 이빨 (ippal, (animal) teeth)
  • 잇몸 (inmom, gums in the mouth)
  • 젖니 (jeonni, baby teeth)
  • 틀니 (teulli, dentures)
See alsoEdit
  • (chi, tooth), the hanja used in many teeth-related words

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Korean 이〮 (í, person).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?i

Dependent nounEdit

(i)

  1. (formal, literary or dated) person, man (in the gender-neutral sense)
    말하 없이 고요하다.
    Malha-neun i eopsi goyohada.
    It is quiet, with no man to talk.
    (file)
    저기 가는 누구?
    Jeogi ganeun i-ga nugu-yo?
    Who is that man passing yonder?
    (file)
    Synonyms: 사람 (saram), (ja), (bun, polite)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

First attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean 니〮 (Yale: ). Compounds still retain the original form.

PronunciationEdit

In isolation or as the initial element of a compound:

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?i
 
(i, “louse”)

As the non-initial element of a compound:

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ni
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ni
McCune–Reischauer?ni
Yale Romanization?ni
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

NounEdit

(i)

  1. louse (tiny bloodsucking insect)
Usage notesEdit
  • In South Korea, the compounded form is written (ni) to reflect the actual pronunciation. In North Korea, it is written (i) for consistency. The pronunciation is the same in both countries except if spelling pronunciation interferes for some North Koreans.
Alternative formsEdit
  • (ni)as the second element of a compound, in South Korean orthography
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Sino-Korean word from , Middle Korean reading 리〯 () and 니〯 ().

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?I
Revised Romanization (translit.)?I
McCune–Reischauer?I
Yale Romanization?ī

Proper nounEdit

South Korean
Standard Language
이(李) (i)
North Korean
Standard Language
리(李) (ri)

(I) (hanja )

  1. A surname​, the second most common Korean surname, used by roughly 7.3 million people in South Korea as of 2015.
Usage notesEdit
  • 98.5% of South Koreans with this surname romanize it as "Lee".[1] North Koreans tend to romanize it as "Ri".

Etymology 7Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 리〯 (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MCX).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?ī

NounEdit

South Korean
Standard Language
/(理) (i/ri)
North Korean
Standard Language
리(理) (ri)

(i) (hanja )

  1. (East Asian philosophy, especially Confucianism) li, the underlying ordering principle of the cosmos
    Coordinate term: 기(氣) (gi, vital force engendering the cosmos)
Usage notesEdit
  • In the case of this specific word, the (ri) pronunciation is common even in South Korea. The reason may be to avoid homophony with other Chinese characters, given the context of East Asian philosophy where single-character Chinese terms are common.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from Middle Chinese (MC liɪH, “profit”).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?ī

NounEdit

South Korean
Standard Language
이(利) (i)
North Korean
Standard Language
리(利) (ri)

(i) (hanja )

  1. (possibly dated) profit, benefit
    Synonyms: 이득(利得) (ideuk), 이익(利益) (iik)
  2. (rare, dated) interest
    Synonyms: 변리(邊利) (byeolli), 이자(利子) (ija)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 9Edit

From English e.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?i
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

NounEdit

(i)

  1. The Korean reading of the Latin alphabet letter e.
    1. (mathematics) In particular, the Korean reading of the number that is the base of natural logarithms (approximately 2.718281828459), written e.

Etymology 10Edit

Sino-Korean word from

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?i
McCune–Reischauer?i
Yale Romanization?i

NumeralEdit

(i) (hanja )

  1. (rare, archaic) one-hundredth, 10-2

Etymology 11Edit

Proper nounEdit

(I) (hanja )

  1. Alternative form of (I, Italy (in news headlines))

Etymology 12Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(i)

Extended content
  1. : two
    (eumhun reading: (du i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiɪH))
  2. : by means of; thereby
    (eumhun reading: (sseo i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  3. : already
    (eumhun reading: 이미 (imi i))
    (MC reading: (MCX, jɨH))
  4. : ear
    (eumhun reading: (gwi i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨX))
  5. : particle used in literary Chinese
    (eumhun reading: 말이을 (marieul i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨ))
  6. : different
    (eumhun reading: 다를 (dareul i))
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  7. : move; transfer
    (eumhun reading: 옮길 (omgil i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiᴇ))
  8. : barbarian
    (eumhun reading: 오랑캐 (orangkae i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪ))
  9. : earring
    (eumhun reading: 귀고리 (gwigori i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨH))
  10. : that
    (eumhun reading: (jeo i))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔiɪ))
  11. : easy
    (eumhun reading: 쉬울 (swiul i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiᴇH, jiᴇk̚))
  12. : delay
    (eumhun reading: 늦출 (neutchul i))
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇX))
  13. : to be glad; happy
    (eumhun reading: 기쁠 (gippeul i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  14. : you
    (eumhun reading: (neo i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiᴇX))
  15. : honorable
    (eumhun reading: 떳떳할 (tteottteothal i))
    (MC reading: )
  16. : aunt
    (eumhun reading: 이모 (imo i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪ))
  17. : injury; wound
    (eumhun reading: 상처 (sangcheo i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪ))
  18. : learn
    (eumhun reading: 익힐 (ikhil i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪH))
  19. : plantain
    (eumhun reading: 질경이 (jilgyeong'i i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  20. : to cut
    (eumhun reading: 베일 (beil i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪ, dei))
  21. : cause
    (eumhun reading: 끼칠 (kkichil i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  22. : close; near
    (eumhun reading: 가까울 (gakkaul i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiᴇX))
  23. : Yeot, Korean taffy
    (eumhun reading: (yeot i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  24. : two
    (eumhun reading: (du i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiɪH))
  25. : happy
    (eumhun reading: 기쁠 (gippeul i))
    (MC reading: (MC jɨ, hɨ))
  26. : linden tree
    (eumhun reading: 피나무 (pinamu i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiᴇ, ɖˠiᴇX))
  27. : toughmeat
    (eumhun reading: 힘줄이질길 (himjurijilgil i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨH))
  28. : woman's courtesy name
    (eumhun reading: 여자의자 (yeojauija i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨH))
  29. : preciousstone
    (eumhun reading: 옥돌 (okdol i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪ))
  30. : swallow
    (eumhun reading: 제비 (jebi i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨ))
  31. : place name
    (eumhun reading: 고을 이름 (go'eul ireum i))
    (MC reading: (MC ziᴇnH, jiᴇnH))
  32. : second place
    (eumhun reading: 버금 (beogeum i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨH, nʌiH))
  33. : respect
    (eumhun reading: 공경할 (gonggyeonghal i))
    (MC reading: (MCH, jɨk̚))
  34. : a forced laugh
    (eumhun reading: 선웃음 칠 (seonuseum chil i))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔiɪ))
  35. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: (neo i))
    (MC reading: )
  36. : black mushroom
    (eumhun reading: 목이버섯 (mogibeoseot i))
    (MC reading: )
  37. : runnynose
    (eumhun reading: 콧물 (konmul i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪ, tʰeiH))
  38. : swagger
    (eumhun reading: 으쓱거릴 (eusseukgeoril i))
    (MC reading: )
  39. : askew
    (eumhun reading: 비스듬할 (biseudeumhal i))
    (MC reading: )
  40. : reach
    (eumhun reading: 미칠 (michil i))
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪH))
  41. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  42. : bait
    (eumhun reading: 미끼 (mikki i))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵɨH))

Etymology 13Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters in isolation or as the first element of a compound. As the non-initial element of a compound, they are read as (ri).

After a language reform in North Korea in the mid-twentieth century intended to make Sino-Korean readings uniform, they are always read as (ri) in all environments.

SyllableEdit

(i)

Extended content
  1. (South Korea) : town
    (eumhun reading: 마을 (ma'eul i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  2. (South Korea) : rule
    (eumhun reading: 다스릴 (daseuril i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  3. (South Korea) : benefit
    (eumhun reading: 이로울 (iroul i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  4. (South Korea) : pear tree
    (eumhun reading: 배나무 (baenamu i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  5. (South Korea) : plum tree
    (eumhun reading: 오얏나무 (oyannamu i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  6. (South Korea) : petty official
    (eumhun reading: 아전 (ajeon i))
    (MC reading: (MCH))
  7. (South Korea) : leave
    (eumhun reading: 떠날 (tteonal i))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, liᴇH, leiH))
  8. (South Korea) : inside
    (eumhun reading: (sok i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  9. (South Korea) : trample, step on
    (eumhun reading: 밟을 (babeul i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪX))
  10. (South Korea) : vulgar
    (eumhun reading: 속될 (sokdoel i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  11. (South Korea) : jasmine
    (eumhun reading: 말리 (malli i))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪ, ɖɨ, lei))
  12. (South Korea) : glass
    (eumhun reading: 유리 (yuri i))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  13. (South Korea) : clever
    (eumhun reading: 똑똑할 (ttokttokhal i))
    (MC reading: )
  14. (South Korea) : thin voice
    (eumhun reading: 가는 소리 (ganeun sori i))
    (MC reading: )
  15. (South Korea) : nautical mile
    (eumhun reading: 해리 (haeri i))
    (MC reading: )
  16. (South Korea) : wild cat
    (eumhun reading: (sak i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  17. (South Korea) : diarrhea
    (eumhun reading: 설사 (seolsa i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  18. (South Korea) : fence
    (eumhun reading: 울타리 (ultari i))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  19. (South Korea) : fall ill, get sick
    (eumhun reading: 걸릴 (geollil i))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  20. (South Korea) : ashen
    (eumhun reading: 파리할 (parihal i))
    (MC reading: (MC liuᴇ))
  21. (South Korea) : ruling
    (eumhun reading: 다스릴 (daseuril i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  22. (South Korea) : carp
    (eumhun reading: 잉어 (ing'eo i))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  23. (South Korea) : reach
    (eumhun reading: 다다를 (dadareul i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH, leiH))
  24. (South Korea) 𢻠: upright
    (eumhun reading: 바르다 (bareuda i))
    (MC reading: 𢻠)
  25. (South Korea) : plow
    (eumhun reading: (bat gal i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  26. (South Korea) : spread
    (eumhun reading: 퍼질 (peojil i))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  27. (South Korea) : peel
    (eumhun reading: 벗길 (beotgil i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  28. (South Korea) : a particle
    (eumhun reading: 어조사 (eojosa i))
    (MC reading: )
  29. (South Korea) : widow
    (eumhun reading: 과부 (gwabu i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  30. (South Korea) : reach
    (eumhun reading: 다다를 (dadareul i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪH))
  31. (South Korea) : clam
    (eumhun reading: 참조개 (chamjogae i))
    (MC reading: (MC liɪ))
  32. (South Korea) : hornless dragon
    (eumhun reading: 교룡 (gyoryong i))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  33. (South Korea) : lynx
    (eumhun reading: (sak i))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  34. (South Korea) : connect
    (eumhun reading: 이어질 (ieojil i))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇX))
  35. (South Korea) : goblin
    (eumhun reading: 도깨비 (dokkaebi i))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  36. (South Korea) : flypaper
    (eumhun reading: 끈끈이 (kkeunkkeuni i))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  37. (South Korea) : to permeate
    (eumhun reading: 스며들 (seumyeodeul i))
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ))
  38. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  39. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC liᴇ, ʈʰˠiᴇ))
  40. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  41. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  42. (South Korea) : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC lei))

Etymology 14Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters in isolation or as the first element of a compound. As the non-initial element of a compound, they are read as (ni).

After a language reform in North Korea in the mid-twentieth century intended to make Sino-Korean readings uniform, they are always read as (ni)in all environments.

SyllableEdit

(i)

Extended content
  1. (South Korea) : mud
    (eumhun reading: 진흙 (jinheuk i))
    (MC reading: (MC nei, neiH))
  2. (South Korea) : Buddhist nun
    (eumhun reading: 여승 (yeoseung i))
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪ))
  3. (South Korea) : overgrown
    (eumhun reading: 무성한 (museonghan i))
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪ, ɳˠiɪX))
  4. (South Korea) : abundant
    (eumhun reading: 많을 (maneul i))
    (MC reading: (MC miᴇX))
  5. (South Korea) : greasy
    (eumhun reading: 기름질 (gireumjil i))
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪH))
  6. (South Korea) : strong fragrance
    (eumhun reading: 진한 향기 (jinhan hyanggi i))
    (MC reading: )
  7. (South Korea) : feel good
    (eumhun reading: 마음 좋을 (ma'eum-i joeul i))
    (MC reading: )
  8. (South Korea) : whisper
    (eumhun reading: 소곤거릴 (sogon'georil i))
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪ))
  9. (South Korea) : ashamed
    (eumhun reading: 부끄러워할 (bukkeureowohal i))
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪ))
  10. (South Korea) : shrine for a deceased father
    (eumhun reading: 아버지 사당 (abeoji sadang i))
    (MC reading: )

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ '김·이·박·최'의 영어표기를 외국인이 읽는다면? [If a foreigner were to read the romanizations of "Kim", "Lee", "Park", and "Choi"?]”, in Yonhap News Agency[1], 2017