First attested in the Gwonyyeom yorok (勸念要錄 / 권념요록), 1637, as Early Modern Korean 므슨 (Yale: musun), probably a hypercorrection of Middle Korean 므슴〮 (Yale: mùsúm) that was motivated by the adnominal suffix 은 (-eun) common in determiners.
Variants of 므슴〮 (Yale: mùsúm) with final ㅁ (m), e.g. 무슴 (museum) and 무삼 (musam), remained more common than 므슨 or 무슨 until the mid-nineteenth century and are still used by some older speakers of Gyeongsang dialect.
- (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [musʰɯn]
- Phonetic hangul: [무슨]
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?||museun|
무슨 • (museun)
- (in questions) what, what kind of
- (in statements) a certain, some; some kind of
- what kind of; used for emphasis in a rhetorical question.
- 뭔 (mwon) – contraction
- 무신 (musin), 므슨 (meuseun), 무순 (musun) – southern dialectal
- 므슴 (meuseum), 무슴 (museum), 무삼 (musam) – Early Modern, sometimes in contemporary Gyeongsang
- 무엇 (mueot)
- 이광호 (Yi Gwang-ho) (2009), “'므스'와 '므슥/므슴/므슷'의 의미특성 및 형태변화”, in Gugeo gungmunhak, volume 151, pages 35—57
- 장요한 (Jang Yo-han) (2013), “중세국어 의문사 '므스'류의 교체 양상과 단일화”, in Eoneowa jeongbo sahoe, volume 20, pages 235—259