KoreanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 사〯ᄅᆞᆷ (Yale: sǎlòm).

In Middle Korean, 사〯ᄅᆞᆷ (Yale: sǎlòm) was a derived substantive of 살〯다〮 (Yale: sǎl-tá, “to live”) with ᄋᆞᆷ (Yale: -om, nominalizer) (> modern (eum)), and thus literally meant "one who is alive".[1] It is no longer perceived as a derived noun by modern speakers.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈsʰa̠(ː)ɾa̠m]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?saram
Revised Romanization (translit.)?salam
McCune–Reischauer?saram
Yale Romanization?sālam
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 사 / 사

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the second syllable, and also heightens the subsequent suffixed syllable.

NounEdit

사람 (saram)

  1. human being, person
    Synonyms: (Early Modern) (nom), (Early Modern) (i)
    그러면 어떤 사람 되는 겠어?
    Geureomyeon nae-ga eotteon saram-i doeneun geogesseo?
    What kind of person would I be then?
    영국 사람
    Yeongguk saram
    A British person
    미국 사람
    Miguk saram
    An American person
    Synonyms: 인간(人間) (ingan, human being), (honorific) (bun)
  2. (law) a person (encompassing both legal and natural persons)
    Synonym: 인(人) (in)
    Hyponyms: 법인(法人) (beobin, legal person), 자연인(自然人) (jayeonin, natural person)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

CounterEdit

사람 (saram)

  1. counter for people
    Synonym: 명(名) (myeong)
    학생 사람haksaeng se saramthree students

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lee, Ki-Moon; Ramsey, S. Robert (2011) A History of the Korean Language, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 176