KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Korean 잇다 (ista), from Old Korean 有叱 (*Is-). Related to the past tense marker (-eot).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [it̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?itda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?issda
McCune–Reischauer?itta
Yale Romanization?iss.ta

VerbEdit

있다 (itda) (infinitive 있어, sequential 있으니)

  1. to be (in a place); to exist
    뉴욕미국있다.
    Nyuyogeun miguge itda.
    New York is in the United States.
    물속물고기있다.
    Mulsoge mulgogiga itda.
    There are fish in the water.
  2. to be (in a state)
    있다
    seo itda
    to be standing
    울고 있다
    ulgo itda
    to be crying
    모여 있다
    moyeo itda
    to be gathered
  3. to have
    그녀남자 친구있다.
    Geunyeoneun namja chin-guga itda.
    She has a boyfriend.
    있고 있어요.
    Jeoneun jipdo itgo chado isseoyo.
    I have a house and a car.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • 있잖아 (itjana) (있지 + + 아) is used as an interjection.
    있잖아, 피트. 가 디씨에는 처음이잖아. 도시. — 그렇지 마다 조금씩 배우고 있잖아.
    Itjana, piteu. Naega dissieneun cheo-eumijana. Dosiga keo. eung geureochiman nalmada jogeumssik deo bae-ugo itjana.
    You know, Pete, I am new to D.C. The city is big. — Yeah. But you learn a little more every day.
    Original English texts from 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)

AntonymsEdit

  • 없다 (eopda, “to lack, to be absent”)

See alsoEdit

  • 이다 (ida, “to equal (copula)”)
  • 아니다 (anida, “not to equal (negative copula)”)