U+C77C, 일
HANGUL SYLLABLE IL
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:d-l-f

[U+C77B]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C77D]




의 ←→ 자

JejuEdit

Jeju numbers (edit)
10
1 2  → 
    Native isol.: ᄒᆞ나 (hawna)
    Native attr.: ᄒᆞᆫ (hawn)
    Sino: (il)
    Ordinal: 첫체 (cheotche)
    Number of days: ᄒᆞ루 (hawru), ᄒᆞ를 (hawreul), ᄒᆞ르 (hawreu)

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

(il)

  1. work, job
  2. business
  3. matter, affair, concern

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

NumeralEdit

(il)

  1. one
    Synonym: ᄒᆞ나 (hawna)

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 일〯 (Yale: ǐl), related to 일〯다〮 (ǐl-tá, to occur, to arise).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(ː)ɭ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?il
Revised Romanization (translit.)?il
McCune–Reischauer?il
Yale Romanization?īl
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 일 / 일까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

NounEdit

(il)

  1. work (activity done for compensation or reward)
    회사에서 혹시 어떤 하세요?
    Hoesa-eseo hoksi eotteon il haseyo?
    Excuse me, what work do you do in the company?
  2. a fact, an event, a situation (any kind of occurrence)
    이런 있을 몰랐다.
    Ireon ir-i isseul jur-eun mollatda.
    I didn't know something like this would happen.
    옛날 생각하니 슬프다.
    Yennal ir-eul saenggakhani seulpeuda.
    It's sad to think about my old circumstances.
    무슨 이야?
    Museun ir-iya?
    What's the matter?
  3. deed (any human activity)
    착한 해야지.
    Chakhan ir-eul haeyaji.
    You need to do good things.
  4. (euphemistic) urination, defecation, sexual intercourse
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from (one), from the Middle Korean reading 일〮 (Yale: íl), from Middle Chinese (MC ʔiɪt̚).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?il
Revised Romanization (translit.)?il
McCune–Reischauer?il
Yale Romanization?il
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable.

NumeralEdit

Korean numbers (edit)
10
[a], [b], [c] ←  0 1 2  → 
    Native isol.: 하나 (hana)
    Native attr.: (han)
    Sino-Korean: (il)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 첫째 (cheotjjae)

(il) (hanja )

  1. one
Usage notesEdit

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from (sun; day), from the Middle Korean reading ᅀᅵᆯ〮 (Yale: zíl), from Middle Chinese (MC ȵiɪt̚).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?il
Revised Romanization (translit.)?il
McCune–Reischauer?il
Yale Romanization?il

NounEdit

(il) (hanja )

  1. day (twenty-four hours, a thirtieth of the month)
    3 동안 여행하다
    samil dong'an yeohaenghada
    to travel for three days
  2. Short for 일요일(日曜日) (iryoil, Sunday).

Proper nounEdit

(Il) (hanja )

  1. Short for 일본(日本) (Ilbon, Japan).

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(il)

Extended content
  1. : one
    (eumhun reading: 하나 (hana il))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔiɪt̚))
  2. : day
    (eumhun reading: (nal il))
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiɪt̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiɪt̚))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔiɪt̚))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  13. 𨓜: Alternative form of
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiɪt̚))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC -))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪt̚))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪt̚))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC jiɪt̚))
  19. :
    (MC reading: )
  20. :
    (MC reading: )
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiɪt̚))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɳˠiɪt̚))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC ȵiɪt̚, ɳˠiɪt̚))
  24. :
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC -))
  26. :
    (MC reading: )
  27. :
    (MC reading: )
  28. 䭿:
    (MC reading: 䭿 (MC jiɪt̚))
  29. :
    (MC reading: )

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Samuel Elmo Martin (2000) Consonant Lenition in Korean and the Macro-Altaic Question, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, →ISBN

Middle KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

일〯 (ǐl) (locative 이〯레〮 (ǐl-éy))

  1. work, job
DescendantsEdit
  • Korean: (il)

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiɪt̚).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

일〮 (íl)

  1. one
    Synonym: ᄒᆞ낳〮 (hònáh)
DescendantsEdit
  • Korean: (il)