JejuEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ɕʰwida̠/

VerbEdit

쉬다 (swida)

  1. to be hoarse
  2. to breathe

ReferencesEdit

  • 쉬다” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 쉬〯다〮 (Yale: swǔy-tá).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈʃʰɥi(ː)da̠] ~ [ˈʃʰy(ː)da̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?swida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?swida
McCune–Reischauer?shwida
Yale Romanization?swīta

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 쉬다 (swida)
Causative쉬이다 (swiida)

쉬다 (swida) (infinitive 쉬어, sequential 쉬니)

  1. (intransitive) to rest, to break, to relax, to take a rest
    Synonym: 휴식(休息)하다 (hyusikhada)
  2. (intransitive) (of an establishment) to be closed, to not work (e.g. for a holiday); (of a person) to take a break, to take time out (e.g. from working)
    Synonym: 놀다 (nolda)
  3. (intransitive, by extension) to stay to rest (at a place), to lodge
    Synonym: 묵다 (mukda)
  4. (intransitive, by extension) to sleep
    Synonym: 자다 (jada)
  5. (transitive) (of one's body) to rest, to put to rest
  6. (transitive) to rest from..., to be away from..., to take a break from..., to take time/a day off from...
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Neung-eomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as Middle Korean 쉬〯다〮 (Yale: swǔy-tá).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈʃʰɥi(ː)da̠] ~ [ˈʃʰy(ː)da̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?swida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?swida
McCune–Reischauer?shwida
Yale Romanization?swīta

VerbEdit

쉬다 (swida) (infinitive 쉬어, sequential 쉬니)

  1. (transitive) to breathe
    없다!Sum-eul swil su-ga eopda!I can't breathe!
  2. (transitive) to sigh
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

First attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean 쉬〯다〮 (Yale: swǔy-tá).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈʃʰɥi(ː)da̠] ~ [ˈʃʰy(ː)da̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?swida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?swida
McCune–Reischauer?shwida
Yale Romanization?swīta

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 쉬다 (swida)
Causative쉬우다 (swiuda)

쉬다 (swida) (infinitive 쉬어, sequential 쉬니)

  1. (intransitive, of food) to spoil, to go bad, to turn sour
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 4Edit

First attested in the Gugeupganibang eonhae (救急簡易方諺解 / 구급간이방언해), 1489, as Middle Korean 쉬〯다〮 (Yale: swǔy-tá).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈʃʰɥi(ː)da̠] ~ [ˈʃʰy(ː)da̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?swida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?swida
McCune–Reischauer?shwida
Yale Romanization?swīta

VerbEdit

쉬다 (swida) (infinitive 쉬어, sequential 쉬니)

  1. (intransitive, of voice) to become hoarse
    Synonym: 갈리다 (gallida)
    쉬다
    mog-i swida
    to get a hoarse throat
    목소리
    swin moksori
    a hoarse voice
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Of native Korean origin.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?swida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?swida
McCune–Reischauer?shwida
Yale Romanization?swita

VerbEdit

쉬다 (swida) (infinitive 쉬어, sequential 쉬니)

  1. (intransitive) Synonym of 쇠다 (soeda, to become/get worse)
ConjugationEdit