KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Korean 없다 (epsta) from Old Korean 無叱 (*EPs-).

In Hangul form: First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 없다 (Yale: epsta).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɘːp̚t͈a̠]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
Revised Romanization? eopda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? eobsda
McCune–Reischauer? ŏpta
Yale Romanization? ēpsqta
Audio
(file)

AdjectiveEdit

없다 (eopda) (infinitive 없어, sequential 없으니)

  1. to have none; (to be) lacking; (to be) nonexistent
    은행 계좌없어요. 
    Jeon eunhaeng gyejwaga eopseoyo.
    I don't have a bank account.
    하나없다. 
    Hanado eopda.
    Not a single one.
    없어 보인다. 
    Eopseo boinda.
    Lacking in appearance; not stylish
    같이 어울릴만한 친구없다. 
    Gachi eoullilmanhan chin-guga hanmyeongdo eopda.
    I don't have a friend to hang out with.
    수준친구없다. 
    Narang sujuni manneun chin-guga hanmyeongdo eopda.
    I don't have a friend who's up to my level.
  2. (North Korea) to die
    지난밤뜻하지 건넌집 할아버지없었다는구만. 
    Jinanbame tteuthaji anke geonneonjip harabeojiga eopseotdaneun-guman.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notesEdit

Most grammars classify 없다 (eopda) as an adjective with certain verbal qualities.[1]

ConjugationEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Koh & Nam (표준 국어 문법, rev. ed. 2002): 있다/없다