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KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 없다 (eps.ta).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key)[ˈɘːp̚t͈a̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[:]
Revised Romanization? eopda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? eobsda
McCune–Reischauer? ŏpta
Yale Romanization? ēpsqta
Audio
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AdjectiveEdit

없다 (eopda) (infinitive 없어, sequential 없으니)

  1. there are none; (to be) lacking; (to be) nonexistent
    • 전 은행 계좌가 없어요.
      Jeon eunhaeng gyejwaga eopseoyo.
      I don't have a bank account.
    • 하나도 없다.
      Hanado eopda.
      Not a single one.
    • 없어 보인다.
      Eopseo boinda.
      Look poor, not stylish
    • 같이 어울릴만한 친구가 한명도 없다.
      Gachi eoullilmanhan chin-guga hanmyeongdo eopda.
      don't have a friend to hang out with.
    • 나랑 수준이 맞는 친구가 한명도 없다.
      Narang sujuni manneun chin-guga hanmyeongdo eopda.
      I don't have a friend who's up to my level.
  1. to die (North Korea)

Usage notesEdit

Most grammars classify 없다 (eopda) as an adjective with certain verbal qualities.[1]

ConjugationEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Koh & Nam (표준 국어 문법, rev. ed. 2002): 있다/없다