See also: sour-

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English sour, from Old English sūr (sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (sour), from Proto-Indo-European *súHros (sour). Cognate with West Frisian soer, Dutch zuur (sour), Low German suur, German sauer (sour), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian sur, French sur (sour), Faroese súrur (sour), Icelandic súr (sour, bitter).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sour (comparative sourer, superlative sourest)

  1. Having an acidic, sharp or tangy taste.
    Lemons have a sour taste.
  2. Made rancid by fermentation, etc.
    Don't drink that milk; it's turned sour.
  3. Tasting or smelling rancid.
    His sour breath makes it unpleasing to talk to him.
  4. Peevish or bad-tempered.
    He gave me a sour look.
  5. (of soil) Excessively acidic and thus infertile.
    sour land
    a sour marsh
  6. (of petroleum) Containing excess sulfur.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  7. Unfortunate or unfavorable.
    • '1613, William Shakespeare; [John Fletcher], “The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eight”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene ii]:
      Let me embrace thee, sour adversity
    • 2011 October 1, Phil Dawkes, “Sunderland 2 - 2 West Brom”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      The result may not quite give the Wearsiders a sweet ending to what has been a sour week, following allegations of sexual assault and drug possession against defender Titus Bramble, but it does at least demonstrate that their spirit remains strong in the face of adversity.
  8. (music) Off-pitch, out of tune.
    • 2010, Aniruddh D. Patel, Music, Language, and the Brain, page 201:
      Unlike what the name implies, there is nothing inherently wrong with a sour note: It is perfectly well-tuned note that would sound normal in another context (and which presumably would not sound sour to someone unfamiliar with tonal music).

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

sour (countable and uncountable, plural sours)

  1. The sensation of a sour taste.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. A drink made with whiskey, lemon or lime juice and sugar.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. (by extension) Any cocktail containing lemon or lime juice.
  4. A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
  5. The acidic solution used in souring fabric.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sour (third-person singular simple present sours, present participle souring, simple past and past participle soured)

  1. (transitive) To make sour.
    Too much lemon juice will sour the recipe.
  2. (intransitive) To become sour.
    • (Can we date this quote by Jonathan Swift and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      So the sun's heat, with different powers, / Ripens the grape, the liquor sours.
  3. (transitive) To spoil or mar; to make disenchanted.
  4. (intransitive) To become disenchanted.
    We broke up after our relationship soured.
  5. (transitive) To make (soil) cold and unproductive.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
  6. To macerate (lime) and render it fit for plaster or mortar.
  7. (transitive) To process (fabric) after bleaching, using hydrochloric acid or sulphuric acid to wash out the lime.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sour (feminine singular soure, masculine plural sours, feminine plural soures)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of sûr.

PrepositionEdit

sour

  1. Eye dialect spelling of sur.

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English sūr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sour

  1. sour, acidic, bitter
  2. foul-smelling, rancid
  3. fermented, curdled
  4. unpleasant, unattractive
DescendantsEdit
  • English: sour
  • Scots: sour

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French essorer.

VerbEdit

sour

  1. Alternative form of soren (to soar)

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) sora

EtymologyEdit

From Latin soror, from Proto-Indo-European *swésōr.

NounEdit

sour f (plural sours)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) sister

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (in terms of gender):
    • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) frar
    • (Puter) frer