-άς

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Etymology 1Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

-ᾰ́ς ‎(-ásf ‎(genitive -ᾰ́δος) third declension

  1. Forms substantives from other words or roots.
    νιφάς ‎(niphás, snow)
    φυγάς ‎(phugás, an exile)
    λαμπάς ‎(lampás, torch)
  2. Forms abstract nouns of number from numerals.
    δεκάς ‎(dekás, the number ten)
Usage notesEdit

If a verb-stem varies in grade, the resulting noun is usually in the o-grade (or, failing that, the zero-grade), e.g. στρέφω ‎(stréphō) → στροφάς ‎(strophás); νείφω ‎(neíphō) → νιφάς ‎(niphás). The resulting substantive usually has nominal force, but sometimes has adjectival force.

ReferencesEdit

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 354

Etymology 2Edit

From ‎(-s). The form -ιάς ‎(-iás) comes from analogy to forms like Θεστιάς ‎(Thestiás) from Θέστιος ‎(Théstios).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

-ᾰ́ς ‎(-ásf ‎(genitive -ᾰ́δος) third declension

  1. Forms feminine adjectives or nouns.
    ἀγριάς ‎(agriás, wild)
    Δηλιάς ‎(Dēliás, female Delian)
  2. Forms female patronymics from name of father.
    Θεστιάς ‎(Thestiás, daughter of Thestius)

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 845

GreekEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek -άς ‎(-ás).

SuffixEdit

-άς ‎(-ás) m

  1. added to another noun to create agent nouns:
    μύλος ("mill") → μυλωνάς ("miller")
    γάλα ("milk") → γαλατάς ("milkman", "dairyman"")
    γυναίκα ("woman") → γυναικάς ("womaniser")
    φαγητό ("food") → φαγάς ("gourmand", "greedy guts")

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

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