See also: ὤν, -ῶν, and -ών

Ancient GreekEdit

PronunciationEdit

 

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-ων (-ōn)

  1. Genitive plural of second- and third-declension nouns and adjectives not accented on the ultima
  2. Masculine and neuter genitive plural of first- and second-declension not accented on the ultima

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-onts.

SuffixEdit

-ων (-ōnm (feminine -ουσᾰ, neuter -ον); first/third declension

  1. Masculine singular of present, future, and second aorist active participles
InflectionEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-yōs with contamination (see there).

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ων (-ōnm or f (neuter -ον); third declension

  1. Added to adjective stems to form comparative forms
InflectionEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-Hō, dubbed "Hoffmann's suffix", meaning "one who possesses X".

SuffixEdit

-ων (-ōnm (genitive -ωνος); third declension

  1. Added to nouns to form possessive derivatives
    πλοῦτος (ploûtos, riches) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Πλούτων (Ploútōn, One who possesses riches, god of the underworld)
    τιμή (timḗ, honor) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Τίμων (Tímōn, Honorable One, personal name)
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-ō. It is sometimes referred to as the "Strabon suffix", after the personal name, which features it.

SuffixEdit

-ων (-ōnm (genitive -ωνος or -ονος); third declension

  1. Added to adjectives to form nominalisations
    στραβός (strabós, squinty-eyed) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Στράβων (Strábōn, Squinty guy, personal name)
    γλαυκός (glaukós, gray-eyed) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Γλαύκων (Glaúkōn, Gray-eye, personal name)
InflectionEdit