-учий

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Late Proto-Slavic *-ǫťь, a present active participial suffix. Doublet of -у́щий (-úščij), the normal present participle suffix, a borrowing from Old Church Slavonic.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-у́чий (-účij)

  1. Adjective-forming suffix, added to intransitive verbs, indicating being in the state of that verb.
    лета́ть (letátʹ, to fly) + ‎-у́чий (-účij) → ‎лету́чий (letúčij, flying)
    пла́вать (plávatʹ, to float) + ‎-у́чий (-účij) → ‎плаву́чий (plavúčij, floating, buoyant)
    па́хнуть (páxnutʹ, to smell of) + ‎-у́чий (-účij) → ‎паху́чий (paxúčij, fragrant)
    ползти́ (polztí, to crawl) + ‎-у́чий (-účij) → ‎ползу́чий (polzúčij, crawling, creeping)
    жечь (žečʹ, to burn) (present tense жгу (žgu)) + ‎-у́чий (-účij) → ‎жгу́чий (žgúčij, burning)
    жить (žitʹ, to live) (present tense живу́ (živú)) + ‎-у́чий (-účij) → ‎живу́чий (živúčij, viable, enduring)

Usage notesEdit

Note the following properties:

  • The suffix is always stressed.
  • The suffix is normally added to the infinitive of the verb, minus any ending such as -ать (-atʹ), -нуть (-nutʹ), or -ти (-ti). If the infinitival and present stems differ, the present stem is used.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit