Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ěnъ

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic

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Etymology

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Taken from old consonantal stem nouns in *-en- with a generalized long grade. This is also suggested by the adjectives built from a */men/-stem nouns, e.g.

  • *kamy (stone)*kaměnъ (stony, rocky, made of stone) (and not **kameněnъ as in Bulgarian, for example)
  • *polmy (flame)*polměnъ (fiery) (and not **polmeněnъ as in Bulgarian, for example)

Adjective

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*-ěnъ

  1. Forming adjectives meaning 'made of <the baseword>'; -en
    1. Denominal
      *volsъ (hair)*volsěnъ (made of (horse) hair)
      *dervo (tree)*dervěnъ (wooden, made of wood)
      *lьnъ (linen)*lьněnъ (flaxen, linen)
    2. Deverbative
      *děti, *dějati (to do, make)*dobro-dějanъ (virtuous)
      *piti (drink)*pьjanъ (drunk)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • East Slavic:
    • Russian: -яно́й (-janój), -я́ный (-jányj), -я́нный (-jánnyj) (< *-ěnьnъ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

References

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  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26), Helsinki: University of Helsinki, page 93