From Middle English winde, wind, from Old English wind (“wind”), from Proto-Germanic *windaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥tos (“wind”), from earlier *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (“wind”), derived from the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (“to blow”). Cognate with Dutch wind, German Wind, West Frisian wyn, Norwegian and Swedish vind, Icelandic vindur, Latin ventus, Welsh gwynt, Sanskrit वात (vā́ta), Russian ве́тер (véter), perhaps Albanian bundë (“strong damp wind”). Cognate to vent.
- winde (obsolete)
- enPR: wĭnd, IPA(key): /ˈwɪnd/
- (archaic) enPR: wīnd, IPA(key): /ˈwaɪnd/
- Rhymes: -ɪnd
- (countable, uncountable) Real or perceived movement of atmospheric air usually caused by convection or differences in air pressure.
- The wind blew through her hair as she stood on the deck of the ship.
- As they accelerated onto the motorway, the wind tore the plywood off the car's roof-rack.
- The winds in Chicago are fierce.
- There was a sudden gust of wind.
- 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
- Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
- Air artificially put in motion by any force or action.
- the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows
- (countable, uncountable) The ability to breathe easily.
- After the second lap he was already out of wind.
- The fall knocked the wind out of him.
- News of an event, especially by hearsay or gossip. (Used with catch, often in the past tense.)
- Steve caught wind of Martha's dalliance with his best friend.
- One of the five basic elements in Indian and Japanese models of the Classical elements).
- (uncountable, colloquial) Flatus.
- Eww. Someone just passed wind.
- Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
- (music) The woodwind section of an orchestra. Occasionally also used to include the brass section.
- A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are often called the "four winds".
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Ezekiel 37:9:
- Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain.
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
- When this conversation was repeated in detail within the hearing of the young woman in question, and undoubtedly for his benefit, Mr. Trevor threw shame to the winds and scandalized the Misses Brewster then and there by proclaiming his father to have been a country storekeeper.
- Types of playing-tile in the game of mah-jongg, named after the four winds.
- A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
- Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
- 1946, George Orwell, Politics and the English Language:
- Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.
- A bird, the dotterel.
- (boxing, slang) The region of the solar plexus, where a blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss of breath or other injury.
- (movement of air): breeze, draft, gale; see also Thesaurus:wind
- (flatus): gas (US); see also Thesaurus:flatus
- break wind
- close to the wind
- fair wind
- foul wind
- get one's wind back
- get the wind up
- get wind of
- it's an ill wind that blows nobody any good
- katabatic wind
- like the wind
- pass wind
- sail close to the wind
- scattered to the four winds
- second wind
- see which way the wind is blowing
- sow the wind and reap the whirlwind
- thaw wind
- the winds
- take the wind out of someone's sails
- three sheets to the wind
- throw caution to the wind
- throw to the wind
- trade wind
- twist in the wind
- which way the wind is blowing
- whistle in the wind
- willow in the wind
- wind at one's back
- wind band
- wind-break, windbreak
- wind chart
- wind-cheater, windcheater
- wind chimes
- wind cone, windcone
- wind egg
- wind farm
- wind force
- wind gauge
- wind generator
- wind gun
- wind instrument
- wind power
- wind rose
- wind scale
- wind shake
- wind sleeve, windsleeve
- wind sock, windsock
- winds of change
- wind-swept, windswept
- wind tunnel
- wind turbine
- (transitive) To blow air through a wind instrument or horn to make a sound.
- 1913, Edith Constance Holme, Crump Folk Going Home, page 136:
- Something higher must lie at the back of that eager response to pack-music and winded horn — something born of the smell of the good earth
- (transitive) To cause (someone) to become breathless, as by a blow to the abdomen, or by physical exertion, running, etc.
- The boxer was winded during round two.
- (transitive, Britain) To cause a baby to bring up wind by patting its back after being fed.
- (transitive, Britain) To turn a boat or ship around, so that the wind strikes it on the opposite side.
- (transitive) To expose to the wind; to winnow; to ventilate.
- (transitive) To perceive or follow by scent.
- The hounds winded the game.
- (transitive) To rest (a horse, etc.) in order to allow the breath to be recovered; to breathe.
- (transitive) To turn a windmill so that its sails face into the wind.
- The form “wound” in the past is occasionally found in reference to blowing a horn, but is often considered to be erroneous. The October 1875 issue of The Galaxy disparaged this usage as a “very ridiculous mistake” arising from a misunderstanding of the word's meaning.
- A similar solecism occurs in the use (in this sense) of the pronunciation /waɪnd/, sometimes heard in singing and oral reading of verse e.g. The huntsman /waɪndz/ his horn.
From Middle English winden, from Old English windan, from Proto-Germanic *windaną. Compare West Frisian wine, Low German winden, Dutch winden, German winden, Danish vinde, Walloon windea. See also the related term wend.
- enPR: wīnd, IPA(key): /waɪnd/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -aɪnd
- Homophones: wined, whined (in accents with the wine-whine merger)
- (transitive) To turn coils of (a cord or something similar) around something.
- to wind thread on a spool or into a ball
- 1906, Stanley J[ohn] Weyman, chapter I, in Chippinge Borough, New York, N.Y.: McClure, Phillips & Co., OCLC 580270828, page 01:
- It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. He wore shepherd's plaid trousers and the swallow-tail coat of the day, with a figured muslin cravat wound about his wide-spread collar.
- (transitive) To tighten the spring of a clockwork mechanism such as that of a clock.
- Please wind that old-fashioned alarm clock.
- (transitive) To entwist; to enfold; to encircle.
- c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, “A Midsommer Nights Dreame”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
- Sleep, and I will wind thee in arms.
- (intransitive) To travel in a way that is not straight.
- Vines wind round a pole. The river winds through the plain.
- 1751, Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
- The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea.
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
- Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
- 1969, Paul McCartney, The Long and Winding Road
- The long and winding road / That leads to your door / Will never disappear.
- (transitive) To have complete control over; to turn and bend at one's pleasure; to vary or alter or will; to regulate; to govern.
- 1591, William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Sixt”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
- to turn and wind a fiery Pegasus
- 1648, Robert Herrick, “To his Conscience”, in Hesperides: Or, The VVorks both Humane & Divine […], London: Printed for John Williams, and Francis Eglesfield, and are to be sold by Tho[mas] Hunt, […], OCLC 1044244285; republished as Henry G. Clarke, editor, Hesperides, or Works both Human and Divine, volume (please specify |volume=I or II), London: H. G. Clarke and Co., […], 1844, OCLC 1110372590:
- Gifts blind the wise, and bribes do please / And wind all other witnesses.
- 12 October 1710, Joseph Addison, The Examiner No. 5
- Were our legislature vested in the person of our prince, he might doubtless wind and turn our constitution at his pleasure.
- (transitive) To introduce by insinuation; to insinuate.
- c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iii]:
- You have contrived […] to wind / Yourself into a power tyrannical.
- 1674, Richard Allestree, The Government of the Tongue
- 'Tis pleasant to see what little arts and dexterities they have to wind in such things into discourse
- (transitive) To cover or surround with something coiled about.
- to wind a rope with twine
- (transitive) To cause to move by exerting a winding force; to haul or hoist, as by a winch.
- (transitive, nautical) To turn (a ship) around, end for end.
wind (plural winds)
- The act of winding or turning; a turn; a bend; a twist.
- wind at OneLook Dictionary Search
- ^ Rex Wailes (1954) The English Windmill, page 104: “[I]f a windmill is to work as effectively as possible its sails must always face the wind squarely; to effect this some means of turning them into the wind, or winding the mill, must be used.”
- A wind (movement of air).
- “wind” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
- wind (movement of air)
- De wind waait door de bomen. ― The wind blows through the trees.
- flatulence, fart
See the etymology of the main entry.
Germanic cognates include Old Frisian wind, Old Saxon wind, Dutch wind, Old High German wint (German Wind), Old Norse vindr (Swedish vind), Gothic 𐍅𐌹𐌽𐌳𐍃 (winds). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin ventus (French vent), Welsh gwynt, Tocharian A want, Tocharian B yente.