French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old French -ain, from Latin -ānus, whence also French -an and -ien.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɛ̃/
  • (file)

Suffix edit

-ain m (plural -ains, feminine -aine)

  1. suffix used to form noun (uppercase) demonyms
    Jamaïque + ‎-ain → ‎Jamaïcain
    Mexique + ‎-ain → ‎Mexicain
  2. suffix used to form adjective (lowercase) demonyms
    Jamaïque + ‎-ain → ‎jamaïcain
    Mexique + ‎-ain → ‎mexicain
  3. indicates the old oblique case (cas régime) of certain nouns
    pute + ‎-ain → ‎putain

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Old French edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -ānus.

Suffix edit


  1. Forms the oblique case, especially for feminine nouns.
    pute + ‎-ain → ‎putain
    none + ‎-ain → ‎nonain
  2. Forms adjectives from nouns.
    castel + ‎-ain → ‎castelain

Descendants edit

  • French: -ain