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BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate to Welsh -ion, Cornish -yon.

SuffixEdit

-ien

  1. Noun pluralization suffix; sometimes with vocalic ablaut in the pluralized noun
    lenner (reader) + ‎-ien → ‎lennerien (readers)
    mab (son) + ‎-ien → ‎mibien (sons)

Derived termsEdit



FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French -ien, from Old French -ien, from Latin -iānus, from -ānus. Cognate to French -ain and -an.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ien m (feminine -ienne)

  1. Denotes where something or someone is from; -ian.
    Parisparisien (Parisian) / Parisien (Parisian)
    Californiecalifornien (Californian) / Californien (Californian)

Derived termsEdit



GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /i̯ən/, [i.ən], [jən]
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German -ie, -je, from Latin -ia (feminine singular).

SuffixEdit

-ien n

  1. Used to form country names; -ia

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -ia (neuter plural). In some cases, analysable within German as a regular plural of an earlier form in -ium; e.g. Principium as an obsolete variant of Prinzip. The singular ending was sometimes lost, leaving -ien as a new, irregular plural suffix. In other cases, simply following the Latin i-declension (singular in -e, plural in -ia).

SuffixEdit

-ien pl

  1. Used to form the plurals of some neuter nouns of Latin descent whose original plural ends in -ia.
    Material + ‎-ien → ‎Materialien
    Prinzip + ‎-ien → ‎Prinzipien
    Reptil + ‎-ien → ‎Reptilien
Usage notesEdit
  • Not all nouns whose Latin plural is -ia necessarily take this ending. Some take a regular plural in -e, or have both forms alongside (for example, Reptile).

Middle FrenchEdit

Examples

Patricien

EtymologyEdit

From Old French -ien, from Latin -iānus

SuffixEdit

-ien (feminine equivalent -ienne)

  1. -ian

Old FrenchEdit

Examples

Surgien
Citeien

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -iānus, from -ānus.

SuffixEdit

-ien (feminine equivalent -iene or -ienne)

  1. -ian

DescendantsEdit