See also: anus, Anus, ânus, añus, and anüs

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From some -ā- stem + -nus; later interpreted as one whole suffix and used freely.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ānus (feminine -āna, neuter -ānum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. Of or pertaining to; -ian; usually indicates a relationship of position, possession, or origin.

Usage notes edit

The suffix -ānus is typically added to a noun stem (particularly proper nouns) to form an adjective.

mōns (mountain)montānus (montane, of the mountains)
Christus (Christ)christiānus (christian)

Many such words, however, can be either nouns or adjectives.

pāgus (village)pāgānus (rustic, of a village), or a villager
Rōma (Rome)rōmānus (Roman), or a person from Rome

-ānus is also often used to form personal names, particularly cognomina, from other names, denoting a patronymic or another relationship of belonging: DomitiusDomitiānus.

It is frequently preceded by the noun stem followed by -i- except in the case of Latin nouns (typically borrowed from Greek) ending -e- or -ae-, where it is preceded by -e- instead.

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -ānus -āna -ānum -ānī -ānae -āna
Genitive -ānī -ānae -ānī -ānōrum -ānārum -ānōrum
Dative -ānō -ānō -ānīs
Accusative -ānum -ānam -ānum -ānōs -ānās -āna
Ablative -ānō -ānā -ānō -ānīs
Vocative -āne -āna -ānum -ānī -ānae -āna

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit