Last modified on 22 April 2014, at 04:46
From Portuguese "Catai", from Khitan (契丹, Qìdān), the Chinese name of a Mongolian tribe who ruled Manchuria from 907-1115 CE. Cognate with Spanish Catay and Russian Кита́й (Kitáj, “China”).
- The name that was given to northern China by Marco Polo
- by extension, an alternate name for China.