Last modified on 30 July 2012, at 02:21
From Portuguese "Catai", from Khitan (契丹, Qìdān), the Chinese name of a Mongolian tribe who ruled Manchuria from 907-1115 CE. Cognate with Spanish Catay and Russian Китай.
- The name that was given to northern China by Marco Polo
- by extension, an alternate name for China.