See also: china and čhína

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
A reconstruction of the extent of various Chinese realms since the Zhou.

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin China, from Persian چینی(Čini, Chinese; porcelain), compound of چین(Čin, China) and the suffix ـی(-i, -y, forming adjectives), from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭(Čīn, China), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन(Cīna, the Chinese; China) of uncertain etymology. It is usually thought to be derived from Qin (Qín), the westernmost ancient Chinese state, but other theories have been proposed, including derivation from Jin (), Jing (), or the Zina of Yelang (夜郎(Yèláng)). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China ‎(usually uncountable, plural Chinas)

  1. A nation or civilization (中華) occupying the country around the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers in East Asia, taken as a whole under its various dynasties and inclusive of Taiwan.
    • 1555, Richard Eden translating Peter Martyr as The Decades of the Newe Worlde..., folio 230 verso:
      The great China, whose kyng is thought... the greatest prince in the worlde.
  2. The principal state in this country (中國), internationally recognized as the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国) since the 1970s.
    • 1971 December 6, "A Size-up of President Nixon: Interview with Mike Mansfield, Senate Democratic Leader", in US News & World Report, p. 61:
      'Only a Nixon' Could Go to China
  3. (obsolete) A Chinese person.
  4. (obsolete) Alternative form of cheyney: woollen stuff; items made or filled with cheyney.
  5. (botany) Short for China rose: various flowers.
  6. (botany, beverages) Short for China tea.
  7. (rhyming slang) Alternative form of china: a mate, a friend.
  8. (rare) A female given name.
    • 2001, Susan Wittig Albert, Bloodroot, Berkley Publishing Group, ISBN 9780425188149, chapter 1, 3:
      My name is China Bayles. I'm the owner of Thyme and Seasons and the co-owner, with Ruby Wilcox, of a new tearoom called Thyme for Tea.
    • 2014 Neil D. A. Stewart, The Glasgow Coma Scale, Constable & Robinson, ISBN 978-1-47211-268-2, page 159:
      'What's her name, this girl?' The fight had hoarsened Lynne's voice, and the words came out strangely staccato - a wooden doll that had just learned to speak.
      'China,' he mumbled, feeling an obscure desire to invent a pseudonym for her.
      'What an interesting name.'
      Angus struck the table edge hard. 'Aw, don't gies it.'
      'I don't know what you mean. Or is it a nickname? Fragile, is she?'
  9. Towns in Maine and Texas in the United States.
  10. A town in Nuevo León in Mexico.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

 
Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch China.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China

  1. China

AsturianEdit

 
Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Proper nounEdit

China f

  1. China (country in east Asia)

Related termsEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China n

  1. China (country)

GermanEdit

 
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈçiːna/, /ˈʃiːna/
  • (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland) IPA(key): /ˈkiːna/

Proper nounEdit

China n ‎(genitive Chinas, plural China)

  1. China (country)

Usage notesEdit

  • The plural China refers to the People's Republic of China (German: Volksrepublik China (short: VR China), Festlandchina, Rotchina) and the Republic of China (Taiwan) (German: Republik China (auf Taiwan), Inselchina).

IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China

  1. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) China (country)
  2. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) Chinese (language)

Alternative formsEdit

Usage notesEdit

In Indonesia, this term is still also in common use, but (as of March 2014) it is rarely used by most Indonesian-language media and is no longer used by the Indonesian Government because of the extremely offensive nature of the standard form Cina.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


InterlinguaEdit

 
Interlingua Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ia

Proper nounEdit

China

  1. China (country)

MalayEdit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

EtymologyEdit

From English China, from Middle Persian [script needed](ṣīn, Chinese; porcelain), probably from Sanskrit चीन(cīna, a people of south-eastern Tibet).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China

  1. China (country)
  2. Chinese (language)

Alternative formsEdit


PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
bandeira da China

EtymologyEdit

From Persian چین(čīn, China), from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭(čīn, China), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन(cīna).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China f

  1. China (a country of Asia)

QuotationsEdit

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:China.


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China f

  1. China (country)

SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

China f

  1. China (country)

Related termsEdit


SwahiliEdit

Proper nounEdit

China

  1. Alternative form of Uchina