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See also: china and čhína

Contents

English

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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A reconstruction of the extent of various Chinese realms since the Zhou.

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Portuguese China, perhaps from Hindi चीन (cīn) and ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna, the Chinese; China) of uncertain etymology. It is usually thought to be derived from (qín, “Qin”), Middle Chinese: (MC d͡ziɪn), Old Chinese: (OC *zin), the westernmost ancient Chinese state, but other theories have been proposed, including derivation from (jìn, “Jin”), Middle Chinese: (MC t͡siɪnH), Old Chinese: (OC *ʔsins), (jīng, “Jing”), or the Zina of 夜郎 (Yèláng, “Yelang”). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: chī'nə, IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪnə/, [ˈt͡ʃ(ʰ)aɪ̯nə]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪnə

Proper noun

China (usually uncountable, plural Chinas)

  1. A nation or civilization occupying the country around the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers in East Asia, taken as a whole under its various dynasties and inclusive of Taiwan.
    Synonyms: Cathay (used for medieval northern China, now archaizing), greater China (inclusive of Taiwan, non-Han autonomous regions, and the SARs, but not always all Chinese claims), Han, Han Chinese civilization
    • 1555, Richard Eden translating Peter Martyr as The Decades of the Newe Worlde..., folio 230 verso:
      The great China, whose kyng is thought... the greatest prince in the worlde.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
      If he tells them to build a palace forty miles long, out of di'monds, and fill it full of chewing gum, or whatever you want, and fetch an emperor's daughter from China for you to marry, they've got to do it—and they've got to do it before sun-up next morning, too.
  2. The People's Republic of China, the principal state in this country.
    Synonyms: Celestial Kingdom, Flowery Kingdom, Middle Kingdom
    • 1971 December 6, "A Size-up of President Nixon: Interview with Mike Mansfield, Senate Democratic Leader", in US News & World Report, p. 61:
      'Only a Nixon' Could Go to China
    • 2017, Donald J. Trump, speech at Make America Great Again Rally, Harrisburg, PA
      And I met with the President of China at great length in Florida, and we had long, long talks—hours and hours and hours.
  3. Synonym of mainland China
    from Macau to China
  4. (obsolete) A Chinese person.
  5. (obsolete) Alternative form of cheyney: woollen stuff; items made or filled with cheyney.
  6. (botany) Clipping of China rose: various flowers.
  7. (botany, beverages) Clipping of China tea.
  8. (rhyming slang) Alternative form of china: a mate, a friend.
  9. (rare) A female given name.
    • 2001, Susan Wittig Albert, Bloodroot, Berkley Publishing Group, →ISBN, chapter 1, 3:
      My name is China Bayles. I'm the owner of Thyme and Seasons and the co-owner, with Ruby Wilcox, of a new tearoom called Thyme for Tea.
    • 2014 Neil D. A. Stewart, The Glasgow Coma Scale, Constable & Robinson, →ISBN, page 159:
      'What's her name, this girl?' The fight had hoarsened Lynne's voice, and the words came out strangely staccato - a wooden doll that had just learned to speak.
      'China,' he mumbled, feeling an obscure desire to invent a pseudonym for her.
      'What an interesting name.'
      Angus struck the table edge hard. 'Aw, don't gies it.'
      'I don't know what you mean. Or is it a nickname? Fragile, is she?'
  10. Towns in Maine and Texas in the United States.
  11. A town in Nuevo León in Mexico.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Gallery

See also

Anagrams


Afrikaans

 
Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Dutch China.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China

  1. China

Asturian

 
Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (country in east Asia)

Related terms


Dutch

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China n

  1. China (country)

German

 
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈçiːna/, /ˈʃiːna/
  • (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland) IPA(key): /ˈkiːna/

Proper noun

China n (genitive Chinas, plural China)

  1. China (country)

Usage notes

  • The plural China refers to the People's Republic of China (German: Volksrepublik China (short: VR China), Festlandchina, Rotchina) and the Republic of China (Taiwan) (German: Republik China (auf Taiwan), Inselchina).

Hunsrik

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China n

  1. China (country)
    Das waar im China gemach.This was made in China.

Further reading


Indonesian

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

From English China.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China

  1. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) China (country)
  2. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) Chinese (language)

Usage notes

In Indonesia, this term is still also in common use, but (as of March 2014) it is rarely used by most Indonesian-language media and is no longer used by the Indonesian Government because of the extremely offensive nature of the standard form Cina.

Derived terms

See also


Interlingua

 
Interlingua Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ia

Proper noun

China

  1. China (country)

Malay

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Alternative forms

Etymology

From English China, from Middle Persian [script needed] (ṣīn, Chinese; porcelain), probably from Sanskrit चीन (cīna, a people of south-eastern Tibet).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China

  1. China (country)
  2. Chinese (language)

Portuguese

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
bandeira da China

Etymology

Perhaps from Hindi चीन (cīn) and ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (a country in Asia)

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:China.


Romanian

Etymology

Ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (country)

Derived terms

Related terms


Spanish

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology

From Chinese .

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (country)

Related terms


Swahili

Proper noun

China

  1. Alternative form of Uchina