See also: china, chinâ, and čhína

English

 
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 China (disambiguation) on Wikipedia
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A reconstruction of the extent of various Chinese realms since the Zhou.

Alternative forms

  • (area and state in East Asia): Chin (obsolete)
  • (female name): Chyna

Etymology

From Portuguese China,[1][2] probably under influence from Old French Chin,[3] from Persian چین(Čin), from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭(Čīn, China), from Sanskrit चीन (cīna, the Chinese; China) of uncertain etymology. It is usually thought to be derived from Chinese (sm Qín, mc d͡ziɪn, oc *zin, "Qin"), the westernmost ancient Chinese state,[4][5][6] but other theories have been proposed, including derivation from (sm Jìn, mc t͡siɪn, oc *ʔsins, "Jin"), another important ancient state;[7] (sm Jīng, mc kˠiæŋ, oc *keŋ, "Chu"), the southernmost ancient Chinese state;[8] or Zina, the endonym of the people of the Yelang kingdom.[8] See "Names of China" and "Chinas" at Wikipedia. As a female name, usually derived via china (porcelain) and china doll, ultimately from the same source.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: chī'nə, IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃaɪnə/, [ˈt͡ʃ(ʰ)aɪ̯nə]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪnə

Proper noun

China (usually uncountable, plural Chinas)

  1. A nation or civilization occupying the country around the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers in East Asia, taken as a whole under its various dynasties.
    • 1555, Richard Eden translating Peter Martyr as The Decades of the Newe Worlde..., folio 230 verso:
      The great China, whose kyng is thought... the greatest prince in the worlde.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
      If he tells them to build a palace forty miles long, out of di'monds, and fill it full of chewing gum, or whatever you want, and fetch an emperor's daughter from China for you to marry, they've got to do it—and they've got to do it before sun-up next morning, too.
    • 1987, Geoffrey Marston, “Abandonment of Territorial Claims: The Cases of Bouvet and Spratly Islands”, in The British Year Book of International Law 1986[3], volume 57, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN, OCLC 657935864, page 356:
      The Commissioner General asked for Foreign Office guidance in view of his information about earlier events relating to the British claim. In reply, the Foreign Office, in a telegram dated 12 June 1956, pointed out that as there was now a territorial dispute involving the two Chinas, the Philippines and possibly Vietnam over the Nansha Islands the British vessel should ‘stay well clear’ of Spratly Island.
    • 1998, George H. W. Bush & al., A World Transformed[4], New York: Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN, page 93:
      After I was nominated to the vice-presidency, Ronald Reagan asked me to go to China to reassure Deng that, despite having mentioned it in a campaign speech, he did not believe in two Chinas, and that he would honor the Shanghai Communiqué—which declared, in effect, that there was but one China. Joined by his top foreign policy team, Deng listened carefully as I explained that Reagan’s statement had been taken out of context. Just as I was finishing, a door opened and a message was passed down the line of advisors until it reached Deng. On reading it, he looked puzzled and annoyed. “He did it again!” he announced. “Ronald Reagan has again referred to ‘two Chinas’ in a speech!” I talked fast and got out of there.
    China has 5000 years of history.
  2. The principal state in this country, including (historical) an empire under various dynasties and (since 1949) the People's Republic of China.
    • 1971 December 6, "A Size-up of President Nixon: Interview with Mike Mansfield, Senate Democratic Leader", in US News & World Report, p. 61:
      'Only a Nixon' Could Go to China
    • 2017, Donald J. Trump, speech at Make America Great Again Rally, Harrisburg, PA
      And I met with the President of China at great length in Florida, and we had long, long talks—hours and hours and hours.
    China will be 73 years old this October 1.
  3. Synonym of mainland China.
    The gambling winnings were transferred from Macau to China.
  4. (rare) A female given name.
    • 2001, Susan Wittig Albert, Bloodroot, Berkley Publishing Group, →ISBN, chapter 1, 3:
      My name is China Bayles. I'm the owner of Thyme and Seasons and the co-owner, with Ruby Wilcox, of a new tearoom called Thyme for Tea.
    • 2014 Neil D. A. Stewart, The Glasgow Coma Scale, Constable & Robinson, →ISBN, page 159:
      'What's her name, this girl?' The fight had hoarsened Lynne's voice, and the words came out strangely staccato - a wooden doll that had just learned to speak.
      'China,' he mumbled, feeling an obscure desire to invent a pseudonym for her.
      'What an interesting name.'
      Angus struck the table edge hard. 'Aw, don't gies it.'
      'I don't know what you mean. Or is it a nickname? Fragile, is she?'
  5. An unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Indiana, United States.
  6. A town in Kennebec County, Maine, United States.
  7. An unincorporated community in Howell County, Missouri, United States.
  8. A hamlet in Delaware County, New York, United States.
  9. A small city in Jefferson County, Texas, United States.
  10. A municipality and town in Nuevo León, Mexico.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Maori: Haina
  • Tokelauan: Haina

Related terms

Translations

Noun

China (plural Chinas)

  1. (obsolete) A Chinese person.
  2. (obsolete) Alternative form of cheyney: woollen stuff; items made or filled with cheyney.
  3. (botany) Clipping of China rose: various flowers.
  4. (botany, beverages) Clipping of China tea.
  5. (rhyming slang) Alternative form of china: a mate, a friend.

See also

Anagrams

References

  1. ^ Duarte Barbosa, Descrição das Terras da India Oriental..., c. 1516.
  2. ^ Garcia de Orta, Colóquios dos Simples e Drogas da India, 1563.
  3. ^ Marco Polo & al., Divisiment dou Monde, c. 1298.
  4. ^ Dr M. R. Singh (1972) Geographical Data in Early Puranas, pages 172
  5. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001), “cīna-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume 3, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 191
  6. ^ Yule, Henry (2005) Cathay and the Way Thither[1], →ISBN, pages 2–3
  7. ^ Zhengzhang, Shangfang (鄭張尚芳) (2006), “古译名勘原辨讹五例 [A Correction of the Erroneous Etymological Analyses of Five Ancient Translated Names]”, in 中国语文 (in Chinese), volume 315, ISSN 0578-1949, pages 541–549
  8. 8.0 8.1 Wade Geoff (2009-05), “The Polity of Yelang and the Origin of the Name 'China'”, in Sino-Platonic Papers[2], issue 188

Afrikaans

 
Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Dutch China.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Asturian

 
Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Related terms


Central Huasteca Nahuatl

Proper noun

China

  1. China (a country in Asia)

Dutch

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China n

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms


Galician

 
Galician Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gl

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms


German

 
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Etymology

From Persian چینی(čini, Chinese; porcelain), compound of چین(čin, China) and the suffix ـی(-i), from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭(čīn, China), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈçiːna]
  • IPA(key): [ˈkiːna] (southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland)
  • IPA(key): [ˈʃiːna] (northern Germany, western Germany)
  • IPA(key): [ˈxiːna] (Switzerland)
  • Hyphenation: Chi‧na

Proper noun

China n (proper noun, genitive Chinas or (optionally with an article) China, plural China)

  1. China (a country in East Asia)

Declension

Usage notes

Further reading

  • China” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Hunsrik

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China n

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)
    Das waar im China gemach.This was made in China.

Further reading


Indonesian

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English China.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China

  1. (nonstandard, now possibly derogatory) nonstandard form of Cina (a country; language).

Interlingua

 
Interlingua Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ia

Proper noun

China

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Malay

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Alternative forms

Etymology

From English China, from Middle Persian [script needed] (ṣīn, Chinese; porcelain), probably from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)
  2. Chinese (language)

Occitan

 
Occitan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia oc

Alternative forms

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms

References

  • Patric Guilhemjoan, Diccionari elementari occitan-francés francés-occitan (gascon), 2005, Orthez, per noste, 2005, →ISBN, page 146.

Portuguese

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
bandeira da China

Etymology

Perhaps from Hindi चीन (cīn) and ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: Chi‧na

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:China.

Derived terms


Romanian

Etymology

From Greek Κίνα (Kína), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms

Related terms


Shona

Etymology

From -china (fourth), counting the days of the working week from Monday.

Noun

China 7

  1. Thursday

See also


Spanish

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology

From Chinese .

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China f

  1. China (a country in eastern Asia)

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants


Swahili

Pronunciation

Proper noun

China

  1. Alternative form of Uchina