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See also: germanus and ģermāņus




First used by Caesar and Tacitus to describe tribes as distinct from the Gauls and originally from the east of the Rhine. Of uncertain origin; several conjectures have been put forward, such as that it derives from a Celtic/Gaulish word[1] meaning "neighbor" (compare Old Irish gair (neighbor))[2] or "noisy" (compare Old Irish garim (shout; loud cry)),[2] or is related to Old High German gēr (spear);[2] it may have originally been the name of a particular tribe.[2] It is not to be confused with word germānus (of brothers or sisters), which derives from germen (sprout, bud) and is thought to be unrelated.[1]



Germānus m (genitive Germānī, feminine Germāna); second declension

  1. a person from a Germanic people


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Nominative Germānus Germāna Germānī Germānae
Genitive Germānī Germānae Germānōrum Germānārum
Dative Germānō Germānīs Germānīs
Accusative Germānum Germānam Germānōs Germānās
Ablative Germānō Germānā Germānīs Germānīs
Vocative Germāne Germāna Germānī Germānae

Derived termsEdit



  1. 1.0 1.1 The Merriam-Webster New Book of Word Histories (1991, →ISBN), page 194
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ernest Weekley, An Etymological Dictionary of Modern English, volume 1 (A-K) (2013, →ISBN), page 634: "Prob. orig. name of particular tribe. [...] Etymologies proposed for the name (e.g. Olr. gair, neighhour, gairm, war-cry, OHG. ger, spear) are pure conjectures."