Open main menu
See also: germanus and ģermāņus

Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

First used by Caesar and Tacitus to describe tribes as distinct from the Gauls and originally from the east of the Rhine. Of uncertain origin; several conjectures have been put forward, such as that it derives from a Celtic/Gaulish word[1] meaning "neighbor" (compare Old Irish gair (neighbor))[2] or "noisy" (compare Old Irish garim (shout; loud cry)),[2] or is related to Old High German gēr (spear);[2] it may have originally been the name of a particular tribe.[2] It is not to be confused with word germānus (of brothers or sisters), which derives from germen (sprout, bud) and is thought to be unrelated.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Germānus m (genitive Germānī); second declension

  1. a person from a Germanic people

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Germānus Germānī
Genitive Germānī Germānōrum
Dative Germānō Germānīs
Accusative Germānum Germānōs
Ablative Germānō Germānīs
Vocative Germāne Germānī

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Merriam-Webster New Book of Word Histories (1991, →ISBN), page 194
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ernest Weekley, An Etymological Dictionary of Modern English, volume 1 (A-K) (2013, →ISBN), page 634: "Prob. orig. name of particular tribe. [...] Etymologies proposed for the name (e.g. Olr. gair, neighhour, gairm, war-cry, OHG. ger, spear) are pure conjectures."