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See also: gáir

Contents

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish gairid, from Proto-Celtic *garyo- (compare Middle Welsh gardu (groan), geir (word)), from *ǵh₂r-, zero grade of Proto-Indo-European *ǵeh₂r- (to shout, call). Cognate with Ancient Greek γῆρυς (gêrus, voice, speech), Khotanese [script needed] (ysār-, to sing), Latin garriō (chatter), Old English ċearu (sorrow).

VerbEdit

gair (present analytic gaireann, future analytic gairfidh, verbal noun gairm, past participle gairthe)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) call
    1. (literary) invoke
    2. acclaim
ConjugationEdit
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • aisghair (abrogate; repeal, transitive verb)
  • gair ar (call upon, summon, invoke)
  • gair de (name, proclaim, inaugurate)

Etymology 2Edit

Inflected forms of gar (near; nearness).

AdjectiveEdit

gair

  1. inflection of gar:
    1. vocative and genitive masculine singular
    2. (archaic) dative feminine singular

NounEdit

gair m

  1. genitive singular of gar

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gair ghair ngair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • "gair" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 3 gairid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

ManxEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gair

  1. Eclipsed form of cair.

NounEdit

gair f

  1. Eclipsed form of cair.

MutationEdit

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cair chair gair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ScotsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare to English gore (third sense).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gair (plural gairs)

  1. (archaic) a strip of grass on a hillside, especially bright green and fertile grass

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Welsh geir, from Proto-Brythonic *gėr, from Proto-Celtic *garyo- (word, speech), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵh₂r-, zero grade of *ǵeh₂r-.

Cognate with Ancient Greek γῆρυς (gêrus, voice, speech), Khotanese [script needed] (ysār-, to sing), Latin garriō (chatter), Old English ċearu (sorrow).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡai̯r/
  • (file)

NounEdit

gair m (plural geiriau or geirau)

  1. word

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gair air ngair unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • gair”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 2014