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Punjab is named after five tributaries of the Indus River
Map of the state of Punjab in India
Map of the province of Punjab in Pakistan

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Punjabi ਪੰਜਾਬ / پنجاب (pañjāb), from Classical Persian پَنْجَاب (panjāb, [Land of] the Five Rivers), from پَنْج (panj, five) and آب (āb, water), referring to five rivers of the Punjab region:[1] the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Sutlej and the Beas. The Persian term is a translation of Sanskrit पञ्चनद (pañcanada, [Land of] the Five Rivers), from पञ्च (pañca, five) and नद (nada, river).[2][3]

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit


  1. A geographical region of South Asia, divided (by the Radcliffe Line) between India and Pakistan. Pakistani Punjab includes the (West) Punjab Province and parts of the Islamabad Capital Territory; Indian Punjab includes (East) Punjab State and some other territories.
  2. A state in northern India which has union territory Chandigarh as its capital; its biggest city is Ludhiana.
  3. A province in Pakistan which has Lahore as its capital.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Punjab”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, launched 2000.
  2. ^ (Please provide the book title or journal name)[1], 2019 May 12 (last accessed), archived from the original on 1 December 2018
  3. ^ “Macdonell, Arthur Anthony. A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout. London: Oxford University Press, 1929.”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[2], 2018 July 10 (last accessed), archived from the original on 1 December 2018