Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/sīros

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *seh₁-ró-s, from *seh₁- (long, lasting) +‎ *-rós. Cognate with Latin serus (late).[1]

AdjectiveEdit

*sīros[1]

  1. long

InflectionEdit

O/ā-stem
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *sīros *sīrou *sīroi
vocative *sīre *sīrou *sīrūs
accusative *sīrom *sīrou *sīroms
genitive *sīrī *sīrous *sīrom
dative *sīrūi *sīrobom *sīrobos
instrumental *sīrū *sīrobim *sīrobis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *sīrā *sīrai *sīrās
vocative *sīrā *sīrai *sīrās
accusative *sīram *sīrai *sīrams
genitive *sīrās *sīrous *sīrom
dative *sīrai *sīrābom *sīrābos
instrumental *? *sīrābim *sīrābis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *sīrom *sīrou *sīrā
vocative *sīrom *sīrou *sīrā
accusative *sīrom *sīrou *sīrā
genitive *sīrī *sīrous *sīrom
dative *sīrūi *sīrobom *sīrobos
instrumental *sīrū *sīrobim *sīrobis

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Brythonic: *hir
    • Middle Breton: hir
    • Cornish: hir, hyr
    • Old Welsh: hir
  • Old Irish: sír

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*sīro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 337