AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch -eren. Compare also the more native Afrikaans -ers.

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. forms the plurals of six nouns
    been (leg; bone) + ‎-ere → ‎beendere (bones)
    gelid (rank) + ‎-ere → ‎geledere (ranks)
    gemoed (mind) + ‎-ere → ‎gemoedere (minds)
    goed (good) + ‎-ere → ‎goedere (goods)
    lied (song; hymn) + ‎-ere → ‎liedere (hymns)
    volk (people) + ‎-ere → ‎volkere (peoples)

Usage notesEdit

  • In most of the above cases, either the word as such or the plural belongs to a more literary register.
  • The noun blaar (leaf) is a backformation from a plural originally using this suffix (from Dutch blad > bladeren > blaren).

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed as part of Latin, French or German verbs. Cognate to French -er, German -ieren, Swedish -era.

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. Used in verbs derived from Latin, French or German, indicating the action of doing the first part of the word; such as revolutionere (to revolutionise), from revolution.

ReferencesEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Latin -ēre (second conjugation).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈe.re/
  • Rhymes: -ere
  • Hyphenation: -é‧re

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. stem, to form the infinitive of some Italian verbs

Etymology 2Edit

Inherited from Latin -ere (third conjugation).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /e.re/
  • Hyphenation: -e‧re

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. stem, to form the infinitive of some Italian verbs

Usage notesEdit

  • See ricevere as an example of a regular -ere verb.
  • There are two groups of irregular -ere verbs:
    • Those in the first group have multiple irregularities (sometimes even in the infinitive), but several related verbs are conjugated in the same way
    • Those in the second group have irregular past participles and/or, in the past historic have an irregular stem in the first- and third-person singular and the third-person plural

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *-ezi, from Proto-Indo-European *-esi, locative case of action noun. Similar to Ancient Greek -ειν (-ein).

Note adverbial temere.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. present active infinitive of (third conjugation)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

By analogy with short-vowel -ere (Etymology 1 above).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ēre

  1. present active infinitive of -eō (second conjugation)

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ēre

  1. second-person singular present passive subjunctive of

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *-āri, -ere, from Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz (masc. agent suffix).

SuffixEdit

-ere m

  1. Forms agent nouns from verbs.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: -er, -aar
  • Limburgish: -er

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse -era, through Middle High German -ieren, from Old French -ier, from Latin -āre.

Cognate to French -er, German -ieren and Swedish -era.

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. Used in verbs derived from Latin, French or German, indicating the action of doing the first part of the word; such as revolusjonere (to revolutionise), from revolusjon (revolution). Equivalent in meaning to English -ize.

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse -era, through Middle High German -ieren, from Old French -ier, from Latin -āre.

Cognate to French -er, German -ieren and Swedish -era.

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. Used in verbs derived from Latin, French or German, indicating the action of doing the first part of the word. Equivalent in meaning to English -ize.

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *-ārī, from Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz, from Latin -ārius. Cognate with Old Frisian -ere, Old Saxon -āri, Old High German -āri.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. masculine agent suffix, originally applied only to nouns
    fugol (bird) + ‎-ere → ‎fuglere (fowler)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ere

  1. nominative singular of -or (agent noun suffix)
    Le chanteorli chantere