Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/mastaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *mastos, *mazdos (plank, board, flooring; perch, pole, mast). Cognate with Russian мост (most, bridge, bridgework), Latin mālus (pole, mast).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*mastaz m

  1. rod, pole, perch
  2. bar, plank
  3. (nautical) mast

InflectionEdit

masculine a-stemDeclension of *mastaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *mastaz *mastōz, *mastōs
vocative *mast *mastōz, *mastōs
accusative *mastą *mastanz
genitive *mastas, *mastis *mastǫ̂
dative *mastai *mastamaz
instrumental *mastō *mastamiz

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-West Germanic: *mast
    • Old English: mæst
      • Middle English: mast
    • Old Frisian: *mast, *mest
    • Old Saxon: *mast
      • Middle Low German: mast
        • German Low German: Mast
    • Old Dutch: *mast
    • Old High German: mast
    • Medieval Latin: mastus (see there for further descendants)
  • Old Norse: mastr
  • Proto-Slavic: *mostъ (bridge) (see there for further descendants)