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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English perche, from Old French perche, from Latin perca, from Ancient Greek πέρκη (pérkē, perch), cognate with περκνός (perknós, dark-spotted).

NounEdit

perch (plural perches or perch)

  1. Any of the three species of spiny-finned freshwater fish in the genus Perca.
  2. Any of the about 200 related species of fish in the taxonomic family Percidae, especially:
    1. (South Africa) Acanthopagrus berda
    2. (Ghana) Distichodus engycephalus, Distichodus rostratus
    3. (Australia) Johnius belangerii, Macquaria ambigua, Macquaria colonorum, Macquaria novemaculeat, Nemadactylus macropterus
    4. (US) Kyphosus azureus
    5. (Britain) Lateolabrax japonicus, Tautogolabrus adspersus
  3. Several similar species in the order Perciformes, such as the grouper.
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English perche, from Old French perche, from Latin pertica (staff”, “long pole”, “measuring rod).

NounEdit

perch (plural perches or perch)

  1. a rod, staff, or branch of a tree etc used as a roost by a bird
    • (Can we date this quote by Tennyson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Not making his high place the lawless perch / Of winged ambitions.
  2. a pole connecting the fore gear and hind gear of a spring carriage; a reach.
  3. (figuratively) a position that is secure and advantageous, especially one which is prominent or elevated
    • 2019 August 14, A. A. Dowd, “Good Boys puts a tween spin on the R-rated teen comedy, to mostly funny effect”, in The A.V. Club[1]:
      Last year, Eighth Grade found poignancy and humor in its eponymous time period: that purgatorial perch between childhood and adulthood.
  4. (figuratively) a position that is overly elevated or haughty
    • 1613, John Webster, The Duchess of Malfi[2], II, iv:
      You may thank me, lady:
      I have taken you off your melancholy perch,
      Bore you upon my fist, and show'd you game,
      And let you fly at it.
      I pray thee kiss me.
  5. (dated) a linear measure of 5½ yards, equal to a rod, a pole or ¼ chain; the related square measure
  6. a cubic measure of stonework equal to 16.6 × 1.5 × 1 feet
  7. (textiles) a frame used to examine cloth
  8. a bar used to support a candle (especially in a church)
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

perch (third-person singular simple present perches, present participle perching, simple past and past participle perched)

  1. (intransitive) To rest on (or as if on) a perch; to roost.
  2. (intransitive) To stay in an elevated position.
  3. (transitive) To place something on (or as if on) a perch.
    • 2012 September 7, Dominic Fifield, “England start World Cup campaign with five-goal romp against Moldova”, in The Guardian[3]:
      The most obvious beneficiary of the visitors' superiority was Frank Lampard. By the end of the night he was perched 13th in the list of England's most prolific goalscorers, having leapfrogged Sir Geoff Hurst to score his 24th and 25th international goals. No other player has managed more than the Chelsea midfielder's 11 in World Cup qualification ties, with this a display to roll back the years.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, textiles) To inspect cloth using a perch.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

perch

  1. Alternative form of perche (pole)