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EnglishEdit

U+3374, ㍴
SQUARE BAR

[U+3373]
CJK Compatibility
[U+3375]

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English barre, from Old French barre (beam, bar, gate, barrier), from Vulgar Latin *barra, of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Old Frankish *bara (bar, beam, barrier, fence), from Proto-Germanic *barō (beam, bar, barrier), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰAr- (log, board, plank). If so, then cognate with Old High German para, bara (bar, beam, one's cherished land), Old Frisian ber (attack, assault), Swedish bärling (a spoke), Norwegian berling (a small bar in a vehicle, rod), Latin forus (gangway, plank), Russian забо́р (zabór, fencing, paling, fence), Russian бо́р (bór), Ancient Greek φάρος (pháros, piece of land, furrow, marker, beacon, lighthouse). May well have been reinforced by existing Old English term from the same root.

NounEdit

bar (countable and uncountable, plural bars)

 
Two steel bars.
  1. A solid, more or less rigid object of metal or wood with a uniform cross-section smaller than its length.
    The window was protected by steel bars.
  2. (countable, uncountable, metallurgy) A solid metal object with uniform (round, square, hexagonal, octagonal or rectangular) cross-section; in the US its smallest dimension is .25 inch or greater, a piece of thinner material being called a strip.
    Ancient Sparta used iron bars instead of handy coins in more valuable alloy, to physically discourage the use of money.
    We are expecting a carload of bar tomorrow.
  3. A cuboid piece of any solid commodity.
    bar of chocolate
    bar of soap
  4. A broad shaft, or band, or stripe.
    a bar of light; a bar of colour
  5. A long, narrow drawn or printed rectangle, cuboid or cylinder, especially as used in a bar code or a bar chart.
  6. (typography) Various lines used as punctuation or diacritics, such as the pipe ⟨|⟩, fraction bar (as in 12), and strikethrough (as in Ⱥ), formerly (obsolete) inclusive of oblique marks such as the slash.
  7. (mathematics) The sign indicating that the characteristic of a logarithm is negative, conventionally placed above the digit(s) to show that it applies to the characteristic only and not to the mantissa.
  8. (physics) A similar sign indicating that the charge on a particle is negative (and that consequently the particle is in fact an antiparticle).
  9. A business licensed to sell alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises, or the premises themselves; public house.
    The street was lined with all-night bars.
  10. The counter of such a premises.
    Step up to the bar and order a drink.
  11. A counter, or simply a cabinet, from which alcoholic drinks are served in a private house or a hotel room.
  12. (by extension, In combinations such as coffee bar, juice bar etc.) A premises or counter serving any type of beverage.
  13. An informal establishment selling food to be consumed on the premises.
    a burger bar; a local fish bar
  14. An official order or pronouncement that prohibits some activity.
    The club has lifted its bar on women members.
  15. Anything that obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier.
    • Dryden
      Must I new bars to my own joy create?
  16. (programming, whimsical, derived from fubar) A metasyntactic variable representing an unspecified entity, often the second in a series, following foo.
    Suppose we have two objects, foo and bar.
  17. (Britain, Parliament) A dividing line (physical or notional) in the chamber of a legislature beyond which only members and officials may pass.
  18. (Britain, law) The railing surrounding the part of a courtroom in which the judges, lawyers, defendants and witnesses stay
  19. (US, law) "the Bar" or "the bar" The bar exam, the legal licensing exam.
    He's studying hard to pass the Bar this time; he's failed it twice before.
  20. (law, metonymically, "the Bar", "the bar") A collective term for lawyers or the legal profession; specifically applied to barristers in some countries but including all lawyers in others.
  21. (telecommunications) A bar-shaped symbol that denotes levels of reception, or reception itself.
    I don't have any bars in the middle of this desert.
  22. (music) A vertical line across a musical staff dividing written music into sections, typically of equal durational value.
  23. (music) One of those musical sections.
  24. (sports) A horizontal pole that must be crossed in high jump and pole vault
  25. (soccer) The crossbar
    • 2010 December 29, Chris Whyatt, “Chelsea 1 - 0 Bolton”, in BBC[1]:
      Composed play then saw Sam Ricketts nutmeg Ashley Cole before Taylor whipped a fine curling effort over Petr Cech's bar.
  26. (backgammon) The central divider between the inner and outer table of a backgammon board, where stones are placed if they are hit.
  27. An addition to a military medal, on account of a subsequent act
  28. A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water.
  29. (geography, nautical, hydrology) A ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other substance, especially a formation extending across the mouth of a river or harbor or off a beach, and which may obstruct navigation. (FM 55-501).
  30. (heraldry) One of the ordinaries in heraldry; a fess.
  31. A city gate, in some British place names.
    Potter's Bar
  32. (mining) A drilling or tamping rod.
  33. (mining) A vein or dike crossing a lode.
  34. (architecture) A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.
  35. (farriery) The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side, and extends into the centre of the sole.
  36. (farriery, in the plural) The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

bar (third-person singular simple present bars, present participle barring, simple past and past participle barred)

  1. (transitive) To obstruct the passage of (someone or something).
    • 1906, Alfred Noyes, The Highwayman:
      "One kiss, my bonny sweetheart, I'm after a prize to-night,
      But I shall be back with the yellow gold before the morning light;
      Yet, if they press me sharply, and harry me through the day,
      Then look for me by moonlight,
      Watch for me by moonlight,
      I'll come to thee by moonlight, though Hell should bar the way."
    Our way was barred by a huge rockfall.
  2. (transitive) To prohibit.
    I couldn't get into the nightclub because I had been barred.
  3. (transitive) To lock or bolt with a bar.
    bar the door
  4. to imprint or paint with bars, to stripe
    • 1899, Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness, section 1
      I lived in a hut in the yard, but to be out of the chaos I would sometimes get into the accountant’s office. It was built of horizontal planks, and so badly put together that, as he bent over his high desk, he was barred from neck to heels with narrow strips of sunlight.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

PrepositionEdit

bar

  1. Except, with the exception of.
    He invited everyone to his wedding bar his ex-wife.
  2. (horse racing) Denotes the minimum odds offered on other horses not mentioned by name.
    Leg At Each Corner is at 3/1, Lost My Shirt 5/1, and it's 10/1 bar.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • The Manual of Heraldry, Fifth Edition, by Anonymous, London, 1862, online at [2]

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

NounEdit

bar (plural bars)

  1. A non-SI unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals, approximately equal to atmospheric pressure at sea level.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfarEdit

NounEdit

bar

  1. night

AlbanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Albanian *bara, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerH- (compare Ancient Greek φάρμακον (phármakon, drug, medicine), Lithuanian bùrti (to conjure)).[1] Alternatively from Proto-Indo-European *bʰars- (spike, prickle) (compare Old Norse barr (corn, grain, barley), Welsh bara (bread), Latin far (spelt), Serbo-Croatian бра̏шно/brȁšno.

NounEdit

bar m (indefinite plural barna, definite singular bari)

  1. grass (plant)
  2. herb, herbaceous plant
  3. (colloquial) spice
  4. medicine, medication, medicinal plant
  5. (figuratively, colloquial) cure, palliative, solution
  6. (figuratively, colloquial) marijuana, likely calque from English or French
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ D.Q. Adams, "Heal: *bher-", in Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1997), 262.

Etymology 2Edit

from Proto-Albanian *bara, from *bera (to carry) (modern bie). More at bie.

VerbEdit

bar

  1. to carry (away), bear, endure
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

CatalanEdit

NounEdit

bar m (plural bars)

  1. bar (establishment)
  2. bar (unit of measure)

CimbrianEdit

PronounEdit

bar

  1. we; us

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “bar” in Umberto Martello Martalar, Alfonso Bellotto, Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Setti Communi vicentini, 1st edition, 1974.

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English bar.[1]

NounEdit

bar m

  1. A bar (a business selling beverages)
  2. A bar (the counter of such a premises)
  3. A bar (a cabinet used to store alcoholic drinks in a private house or a hotel room)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Borrowing from modern European languages, originally coined based on Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).[2]

NounEdit

bar m

  1. bar, a non-SI unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ bar¹ in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ bar² in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Further readingEdit

  • bar in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bar in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bibere, present active infinitive of bibō. Compare Italian bere, Romanian bea.

VerbEdit

bar (second-person plural present baite)

  1. to drink

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /baːr/, [b̥ɑːˀ]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse berr (bare). Compare Old English bær.

AdjectiveEdit

bar

  1. bare, naked
  2. sheer, pure
InflectionEdit
Inflection of bar
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular bar 2
Neuter singular bart 2
Plural bare 2
Definite attributive1 bare
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar c (singular definite baren, plural indefinite barer)

  1. bar (business licensed to sell intoxicating beverages, counter of such a premises)
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

NounEdit

bar c (plural indefinite bar)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

Etymology 4Edit

Non-lemma forms.

VerbEdit

bar

  1. past tense of bære

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Borrowing from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m (plural bars, diminutive barretje n)

  1. bar, counter, drink cabinet
  2. bar, pub
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with English barren.

AdjectiveEdit

bar (comparative barder, superlative barst)

  1. harsh, tough (used mainly with koude (cold), or omstandigheden (conditions))
  2. barren, inhospitable, bare
  3. crude, grim, unfriendly
InflectionEdit
Inflection of bar
uninflected bar
inflected barre
comparative barder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial bar barder het barst
het barste
indefinite m./f. sing. barre bardere barste
n. sing. bar barder barste
plural barre bardere barste
definite barre bardere barste
partitive bars barders

AdverbEdit

bar

  1. extremely (only in a negative sense)

Etymology 3Edit

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined c. 1900.

NounEdit

bar

  1. bar: a unit of pressure, equal to 100,000 pascals
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

FaroeseEdit

VerbEdit

bar

  1. he, it bore, carried:: 1st and 3rd person singular past tense form of bera (to bear, to carry)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Direct from English? Isn't the fish sense from a different source?”

NounEdit

bar m (plural bars)

  1. A bar (establishment)
  2. A bar (counter)
  3. A bass (fish)

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar, pub

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from English bar and this from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

NounEdit

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bar (not comparable)

  1. bare

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

bar

  1. in cash
  2. pure

PrepositionEdit

bar

  1. (+genitive) without

SynonymsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

bar

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐍂

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowing from English bar (1), from Old French barre.

NounEdit

bar m (genitive singular bars, nominative plural barir)

  1. bar (establishment offering alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises)
  2. bar (counter at which such beverages are sold or offered)
  3. (by extension) a counter where a buffet or a specialized kind of food is offered
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from English bar (2), from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

NounEdit

bar n (genitive singular bars, nominative plural bör)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
DeclensionEdit

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English bar, from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

NounEdit

bar m (genitive singular bair, nominative plural bair)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bar bhar mbar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "bar" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “bar” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m (plural bar)

  1. bar (place serving drinks)
    C'è un bar qui vicino?Is there a bar nearby?
  2. café

Derived termsEdit


KashmiriEdit

NounEdit

bar

  1. a door

KurdishEdit

NounEdit

bar m

  1. burden (a heavy load)


This Kurdish entry was created from the translations listed at burden. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see bar in the Kurdish Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) October 2009


LatvianEdit

VerbEdit

bar

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of bārt
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of bārt
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of bārt
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of bārt
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of bārt
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of bārt

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

bar

  1. rafsi of bartu.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse berr and Old Danish bar.

AdjectiveEdit

bar (neuter singular bart, definite singular and plural bare, comparative barere, indefinite superlative barest, definite superlative bareste)

  1. bare, naked
    • Han kom tettere inn til henne, la armen rundt ryggen hennes og bøyet hodet sitt ned mot hennes bare skulder, kysset den. [3] ("Ikke provosèr ham", by Inger Torill Jørgensen, 2014)
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m (definite singular baren, indefinite plural barer, definite plural barene)

  1. a bar (place where alcohol is served)
  2. a bar (sandbank at the mouth of a river or harbour)
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

bar

  1. simple past of bære

ReferencesEdit

  • “bar” in The Bokmål Dictionary. (adjective on page 2)

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m (definite singular baren, indefinite plural barar, definite plural barane)

  1. a bar (place where alcohol is served)
  2. a bar (sandbank at the mouth of a river or harbour)

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

NounEdit

bar m (definite singular baren, indefinite plural barar, definite plural barane)

  1. bar (a non-SI unit of pressure)
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse barr.

NounEdit

bar n (definite singular baret, uncountable)

  1. the needles of the conifers, twigs and branches of conifers
    • 1860, Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, "Vaaren":
      Derfor eg fann millom Bjørkar og Bar i Vaaren ei Gaata []
      Therefore I found, between the birches and conifers, in spring a riddle []
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

VerbEdit

bar

  1. past tense of bera

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bairaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bār m

  1. boar

DeclensionEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bazaz, whence also Old English bær, Old Norse berr.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bar

  1. bare

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bazaz, whence also Old English bær, Old Norse berr.

AdjectiveEdit

bār

  1. bare

DeclensionEdit



Old SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse *barr (Old West Norse berr), from Proto-Germanic *bazaz.

AdjectiveEdit

bar

  1. bare

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m inan

  1. bar, luncheon bar, buffet
  2. bar (a long table or counter where drinks are served)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin barium.

NounEdit

Chemical element
Ba Previous: cez (Cs)
Next: lantan (La)

bar m inan

  1. barium
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), probably borrowed via science literature in another European language.

NounEdit

bar m inan

  1. bar (unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals)
DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bar in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m (plural bares)

  1. pub; bar (establishment that serves alcoholic beverages primarily)

Etymology 2Edit

Originally from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

NounEdit

bar m (plural bars)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

RomaniEdit

NounEdit

bar f (plural bara)

  1. garden
  2. fence

bar m (plural bar)

  1. stone

Derived termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑р)

  1. public house, bar
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑р)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Shortened from bàrem.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

bȁr (Cyrillic spelling ба̏р)

  1. at least

ReferencesEdit

  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SomaliEdit

VerbEdit

bar

  1. Alternative spelling of baro

SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es
 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English bar.

NounEdit

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar, pub

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from English bar and this from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

NounEdit

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Swedish bar, from Old Norse *barr (Old West Norse berr), from Proto-Germanic *bazaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰos- (bare, barefoot). Cognate with English bare. See Old English bær.[1]

AdjectiveEdit

bar (comparative barare, superlative barast)

  1. bare, uncovered; not covered by e.g. clothes (about people), fur (about certain animals) or a snow cover (about the ground)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of bar
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular bar barare barast
Neuter singular bart barare barast
Plural bara barare barast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 bare barare baraste
All bara barare baraste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

Etymology 2Edit

See bära.

VerbEdit

bar

  1. past tense of bära.

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from English bar.[1]

NounEdit

bar c

  1. a bar, pub; place where mainly alcoholic drinks are served.
  2. a (bar) counter
DeclensionEdit
Declension of bar 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bar baren barer barerna
Genitive bars barens barers barernas

Etymology 4Edit

Originally from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

NounEdit

bar c

  1. A bar; a unit of pressure

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 bar in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Armenian պար (par, dance).

NounEdit

bar (definite accusative barı, plural barlar)

  1. (dialectal) dance, round dance

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “պար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • bar”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.