See also: Mast, MAST, masť, mást, måst, and mast-

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English mast, from Old English mæst (mast), from Proto-West Germanic *mast, from Proto-Germanic *mastaz (mast, sail-pole), from Proto-Indo-European *mazdos (pole, mast). Cognate with Dutch mast, German Mast, and via Indo-European with Latin mālus, Russian мо́ст (móst, bridge), Irish adhmad.

NounEdit

mast (plural masts)

 
masts of a ship
  1. (nautical, communication, aviation) A tall, slim post or tower, usually tapering upward, used to support, for example, sails on a ship, the main rotor of a helicopter, flags, floodlights, meteorological instruments, or communications equipment, such as an aerial, usually supported by guy-wires (except in the case of a helicopter). [from 9th c.]
  2. (naval) A non-judicial punishment ("NJP"); a disciplinary hearing under which a commanding officer studies and disposes of cases involving those under his command. [from 17th c.]
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

mast (third-person singular simple present masts, present participle masting, simple past and past participle masted)

  1. To supply and fit a mast to (a ship). [from 16th c.]
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English mæst (fallen nuts, food for swine), mæsten (to fatten, feed), from West Germanic; probably related to meat.

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

NounEdit

mast (plural masts)

  1. The fruit of forest-trees (beech, oak, chestnut, pecan, etc.), especially if having fallen from the tree, used as fodder for pigs and other animals. [from 10th c.]
    • c. 1609, George Chapman, Homer, Prince of Poets [translation of Odyssey]:
      She shut them straight in sties, and gave them meat: / Oak-mast, and beech, and cornel fruit, they eat,
    • 1715, Robert South, "A Sermon upon Prov. i.32", Twelve sermons preached at several times, and upon several occasions, page 73:
      they feed and grovel like Swine under an Oak, filling themselves with the Mast, but never so much as looking up
    • 1955, Robin Jenkins, The Cone-Gatherers, Canongate 2012, page 162:
      He [] would begin to pick up the seed-cases or mast, squeeze each one with his fingers to see if it were fertile, and drop it if it were not.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

mast (third-person singular simple present masts, present participle masting, simple past and past participle masted)

  1. (of swine and other animals) To feed on forest seed or fruit.
  2. (agriculture, forestry, ecology, of a population of plants) To produce a very large quantity of fruit or seed in certain years but not others.
    • 1985, Michael Fenner, Seed ecology, page 33:
      Any individual tree which masted in a generally non-mast year would be subjected to the exclusive attention of the seed predators and so would be selected against.
    • 2004, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Christian Körner, Ernst-Detlef Schulze, Forest Diversity and Function: Temperate and Boreal Systems, page 28:
      However, if this were true, all or most masting species (e.g., Fagus and Quercus) in a forest would have to mast in synchrony to be effective against generalist herbivores.
    • 2008, Chris Rowthorn, Muhammad Cohen, China Williams, Borneo, page 50:
      Because dipterocarp seeds are winged and spin gracefully as they fall, the dispersal of millions of dipterocarp seeds during a masting event is one of the greatest spectacles that you can see on planet Earth.

Etymology 3Edit

From French masse, with -t probably after Etymology 1, above.

NounEdit

mast (plural masts)

  1. (obsolete, billiards) A type of heavy cue, with the broad end of which one strikes the ball. [18th–19th c.]
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. II, ch. 74:
      Godfrey thus conquered, pretended to lose his temper, curs'd his own ill luck, swore that the table had a cast, and that the balls did not run true, changed his mast, and with great warmth challenged his enemy to double his sum.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

EtymologyEdit

From Old Czech mast, from Proto-Slavic *mastь.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mast f

  1. ointment

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • mast in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • mast in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch mast, from Old Dutch *mast, from Proto-West Germanic *mast, from Proto-Germanic *mastaz.

NounEdit

mast m (plural masten, diminutive mastje n)

  1. mast (pole on a ship, to which sails can be rigged)
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: mas
  • Negerhollands: mast
  • Japanese: マスト

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch mast, from the root of met (meat), similar to German Mast.

NounEdit

mast m (plural masten, diminutive mastje n)

  1. mast, fodder for pigs or other animals made up of acorns and beechnuts.

AnagramsEdit


EstonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From either Middle Low German mast or German Mast.

NounEdit

mast (genitive masti, partitive masti)

  1. mast
  2. (card games) suit
  3. (poker) flush

DeclensionEdit

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mast

  1. Alternative form of mased

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old French mast

NounEdit

mast m (plural masts)

  1. mast (structure found on watercraft)

DescendantsEdit


Northern KurdishEdit

NounEdit

mast m

  1. yoghurt

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German mast (mast).

NounEdit

mast f or m (definite singular masta or masten, indefinite plural master, definite plural mastene)

  1. mast
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

mast

  1. past participle of mase

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German mast.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mast f (definite singular masta, indefinite plural master, definite plural mastene)

  1. mast

ReferencesEdit


Old CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mastь.

NounEdit

mast f

  1. ointment

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • mast”, in Vokabulář webový: webové hnízdo pramenů k poznání historické češtiny [online][1], Praha: Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, 2006–2020

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Frankish *mast.

NounEdit

mast m (oblique plural maz or matz, nominative singular maz or matz, nominative plural mast)

  1. mast (structure found on watercraft)

DescendantsEdit


Old FrisianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *maist, from Proto-Germanic *maist, *maistaz. Cognates include Old English mǣst and Old Saxon mēst.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

māst

  1. superlative degree of grāt

AdverbEdit

māst

  1. most

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 28

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *mastь (Russian масть (mastʹ), Polish maść). Compare mazati.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mȃst f (Cyrillic spelling ма̑ст)

  1. grease
  2. ointment
  3. fat
  4. lard
  5. schmaltz

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • mast” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German mast, from Old Saxon *mast, from Proto-West Germanic *mast.

NounEdit

mast c

  1. mast, tall slim structure

DeclensionEdit

Declension of mast 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mast masten master masterna
Genitive masts mastens masters masternas

AnagramsEdit


ZazakiEdit

NounEdit

mast n

  1. yoghurt (a milk-based product thickened by a bacterium-aided curdling process)

SynonymsEdit