Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/(s)kewd-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*(s)kewd-[1][2]

  1. to advance, push
  2. to drive, propel

Derived termsEdit

  • *(s)kéwd-e-ti ~ *(s)kéwd-o-nti (thematic root present)[2]
    • Indo-Iranian: *čáwdati
    • >? Albanian:[2]
    • >? Germanic: *skeutaną (to shoot) (disputed[4]) (see there for further descendants)
Unsorted formations
  • >? Scythian: *Skuδat (shooter)[5]
    • Ancient Greek: Σκύθης (Skúthēs, Scythian) (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) , “2. (s)keud-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 955
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*(s)keu̯d-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 560
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “Proto-Indo-European/(s)kewd-”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 143-144
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*skeutan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 445
  5. ^ Szemerényi, Oswald (1980) Four old Iranian ethnic names: Scythian – Skudra – Sogdian – Saka[1], Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, →ISBN>