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From Middle English avauncen, avancen, from Old French avancer, avancier (French: avancer), from Vulgar Latin *abantiāre, from Late Latin abante, from ab + ante (before). The spelling with d was a mistake, a- being supposed to be from Latin ad. Avaunt is an earlier form of the same source-word.


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advance (third-person singular simple present advances, present participle advancing, simple past and past participle advanced)

  1. To bring forward; to move towards the front; to make to go on.
  2. (obsolete) To raise; to elevate.
    They [] advanced their eyelids. — Shakespeare
  3. To raise to a higher rank; to promote.
    • Bible, Esther iii. 1
      Ahasueres [] advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes.
    • Prescott
      This, however, was in time evaded by the monarchs, who advanced certain of their own retainers to a level with the ancient peers of the land []
  4. To accelerate the growth or progress of; to further; to forward; to help on; to aid; to heighten.
    to advance the ripening of fruit
    to advance one's interests
  5. To bring to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show.
    to advance an argument
    • Alexander Pope
      Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own.
  6. To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten.
  7. To furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes due, or in aid of an enterprise; to supply beforehand.
    Merchants often advance money on a contract or on goods consigned to them.
  8. To raise to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate.
    to advance the price of goods
  9. (intransitive) To move forwards, to approach.
    He rose from his chair and advanced to greet me.
  10. (obsolete) To extol; to laud.
    • Spenser
      greatly advancing his gay chivalry


Derived termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


advance (plural advances)

  1. A forward move; improvement or progression.
    an advance in health or knowledge
    an advance in rank or office
  2. An amount of money or credit, especially given as a loan, or paid before it is due; an advancement.
    • Jay
      I shall, with pleasure, make the necessary advances.
    • Kent
      The account was made up with intent to show what advances had been made.
  3. An addition to the price; rise in price or value.
    an advance on the prime cost of goods
  4. (in the plural) An opening approach or overture, especially of an unwelcome or sexual nature.
    • Jonathan Swift
      [He] made the like advances to the dissenters.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot, chapter 4:
      As the sun fell, so did our spirits. I had tried to make advances to the girl again; but she would have none of me, and so I was not only thirsty but otherwise sad and downhearted.



advance (comparative more advance, superlative most advance)

  1. Completed before need or a milestone event.
    He made an advance payment on the prior shipment to show good faith.
  2. Preceding.
    The advance man came a month before the candidate.
  3. Forward.
    The scouts found a site for an advance base.

Derived termsEdit