This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Etymology 1Edit

Apparently originally the same root as the synonymous *bʰegʷ-[1].



  1. to flee
    Synonym: *bʰegʷ-
Derived termsEdit
  • *bʰéwg-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Hellenic: *pʰéugō
  • *bʰug-é-t (thematic root aorist)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἔφυγον (éphugon)
  • *bʰug-yé-ti (yé-present)
  • *bʰug-éh₂


  1. ^ Grigoraș, Mihai (2016) , “Why did φόβος mean φυγή in Homeric Greek?”, in M.-L. Dumitru Oancea, A.-C. Halichias and N.-A. Popa, editors, Expressions of Fear from Antiquity to the Contemporary World, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, →ISBN, pages 33–40
  2. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

Etymology 2Edit



  1. to enjoy, benefit
Derived termsEdit
Unsorted formations


  1. 1.0 1.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “*bʰeu̯g-1”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 84
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “fungor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 250
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) , “bhoj [2-]”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  4. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) , “BHOJ2”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 105
  5. ^ Monier Williams (1899) , “भुज्”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 759.
  6. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 187