benefit

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Middle English benefytt, benefett, alteration (due to Latin bene-) of benfet, bienfet, bienfait (good or noble deed), from Anglo-Norman benfet (well-done), Middle French bienfait, from Old French bienfet, bienfait (foredeal, favour), from past participle of bienfaire (to do good, do well), from bien (well) + faire (to do), modelled after Latin benefactum (good deed). More at benefactor.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbɛn.ɪ.fɪt/
  • (US) enPR: bĕn'əfĭt, IPA(key): /ˈbɛn.ə.fɪt/
  • (file)

NounEdit

benefit (countable and uncountable, plural benefits)

  1. An advantage; help or aid from something.
    It was for her benefit.   His benefit was free beer.
  2. (insurance) A payment made in accordance with an insurance policy or a public assistance scheme.
  3. An event such as a performance, given to raise funds for some cause.
  4. (obsolete) beneficence; liberality
  5. Intended audience (as for the benefit of).
    The whole scene was staged for his benefit, and it completely fooled him.
    Since my wife is Canadian, whenever we have dinner with my family, they keep bringing up anything they've heard about Canada lately for her benefit.
    • 2020 April 16, Gary D.D. Morrison, J., “Succession de Kalimbet Piela c. Obodzinski, 2020 QCCS 1222”, in CanLII[1], retrieved 9 May 2021:
      So, if Obodzinski is correct in saying that Mrs. Piela actually signed a document in the coffee shop, in front of witnesses, she staged a scene, pretending that it was the alleged Mandate. The other explanation is that none of this ever took place, and the staging was only a fictitious creation for the benefit of the Court.

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VerbEdit

benefit (third-person singular simple present benefits, present participle benefiting or benefitting, simple past and past participle benefited or benefitted)

  1. (transitive) To be or to provide a benefit to.
  2. (intransitive) To receive a benefit (from); to be a beneficiary.
    • 1960 June, “Talking of Trains: New B.R. research laboratory”, in Trains Illustrated, page 329:
      Diesel maintenance schedules are benefiting from work done on the magnificent Hilger & Watts electronic spectrograph for oil analysis, which detects minute quantities of metals in samples of used lubricating oil; [...].
    • 2021 January 13, Christian Wolmar, “Read all about London's Cathedrals of Steam”, in RAIL, issue 922, page 63:
      Instead, the grime of the steam years which still discoloured many of the best architectural features Betjeman loved has been cleared away, and several of the stations have benefited from major refurbishments which have greatly improved them.

Usage notesEdit

  • Benefiting and benefited are more common, with benefitting and benefitted being minor variants, especially in the US.

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ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English benefit.

NounEdit

benefit m (invariable)

  1. benefit, advantage

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

benefit

  1. third-person singular present passive indicative of benefaciō