Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰénǵʰus

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Alternative reconstructions edit

Etymology edit

From *bʰenǵʰ- (thick) +‎ *-us.

Adjective edit

*bʰénǵʰus

  1. dense, thick

Inflection edit

Athematic, proterokinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *bʰénǵʰus *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂
genitive *bʰn̥ǵʰéws *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *bʰénǵʰus *bʰénǵʰuh₁(e) *bʰénǵʰewes
vocative *bʰénǵʰu *bʰénǵʰuh₁(e) *bʰénǵʰewes
accusative *bʰénǵʰum *bʰénǵʰuh₁(e) *bʰénǵʰums
genitive *bʰn̥ǵʰéws *? *bʰn̥ǵʰéwoHom
ablative *bʰn̥ǵʰéws *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúmos
dative *bʰn̥ǵʰéwey *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúmos
locative *bʰn̥ǵʰéw, *bʰn̥ǵʰéwi *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúsu
instrumental *bʰn̥ǵʰúh₁ *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúmis
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂ *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂h₁(e) *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂es
vocative *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂ *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂h₁(e) *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂es
accusative *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂m̥ *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂h₁(e) *bʰn̥ǵʰéwih₂m̥s
genitive *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂s *? *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂oHom
ablative *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂s *? *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂mos
dative *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂ey *? *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂mos
locative *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂, *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂i *? *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂su
instrumental *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂h₁ *? *bʰn̥ǵʰuyéh₂mis
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *bʰénǵʰu *bʰénǵʰwih₁ *bʰénǵʰuh₂
vocative *bʰénǵʰu *bʰénǵʰwih₁ *bʰénǵʰuh₂
accusative *bʰénǵʰu *bʰénǵʰwih₁ *bʰénǵʰuh₂
genitive *bʰn̥ǵʰéws *? *bʰn̥ǵʰéwoHom
ablative *bʰn̥ǵʰéws *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúmos
dative *bʰn̥ǵʰéwey *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúmos
locative *bʰn̥ǵʰéw, *bʰn̥ǵʰéwi *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúsu
instrumental *bʰn̥ǵʰúh₁ *? *bʰn̥ǵʰúmis

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Anatolian: *bn̥ǵús
  • Proto-Hellenic: *pəkʰús
    • Ancient Greek: παχύς (pakhús)[1] (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *bʰaȷ́ʰúš[2] (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “παχύς”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1159
  2. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “bahú-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University