Estonian edit

Verb edit


  1. Third-person singular past form of astuma.

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *akstus, of uncertain origin, suggestions include:[1]

A long vowel is once attested for ā̆stūtia, which would be unexpected but parallelled by ācer. Attested since Plautus (second half of the 3d century BCE).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ā̆stus m (genitive ā̆stūs); fourth declension

  1. (usually in the ablative) (by) craft, cunning, guile (with a positive or negative connotation)
  2. (usually in the plural) tricks, stratagems

Declension edit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ā̆stus ā̆stūs
Genitive ā̆stūs ā̆stuum
Dative ā̆stuī ā̆stibus
Accusative ā̆stum ā̆stūs
Ablative ā̆stū ā̆stibus
Vocative ā̆stus ā̆stūs

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “astus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 59

Further reading edit

  • astus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • astus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • astus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • astus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette