EstonianEdit

VerbEdit

astus

  1. Third-person singular past form of astuma.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *akstus, of uncertain origin, suggestions include:[1]

A long vowel is once attested for ā̆stūtia, which would be unexpected but parallelled by ācer. Attested since Plautus (second half of the 3d century BCE).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ā̆stus m (genitive ā̆stūs); fourth declension

  1. (usually in the ablative) (by) craft, cunning, guile (with a positive or negative connotation)
  2. (usually in the plural) tricks, stratagems

SynonymsEdit

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ā̆stus ā̆stūs
Genitive ā̆stūs ā̆stuum
Dative ā̆stuī ā̆stibus
Accusative ā̆stum ā̆stūs
Ablative ā̆stū ā̆stibus
Vocative ā̆stus ā̆stūs

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “astus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 59

Further readingEdit

  • astus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • astus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • astus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • astus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette