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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ṓws

(Redirected from Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ows-)
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *h₂ew- (to see) +‎ *-s with a semantic shift to "to hear" after the split of Anatolian branch.

ReconstructionEdit

The initial laryngeal must be *h₂ to account for Latin forms auris, aus-cultō, which must reflect e-grade *h₂ews-.

NounEdit

*h₂ṓws (oblique stem *h₂éws-)

  1. ear

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular collective
nominative *h₂ṓws *h₂éwsōs
genitive *h₂éwsos *h₂usés
singular dual plural collective
nominative *h₂ṓws *h₂ṓwsih₁ *h₂éwsōs
vocative *h₂ṓws *h₂ṓwsih₁ *h₂éwsōs
accusative *h₂ṓws *h₂ṓwsih₁ *h₂éwsōs
genitive *h₂éwsos *? *h₂usés
ablative *h₂éwsos *? *h₂usés
dative *h₂éwsey *? *h₂uséy
locative *h₂éws, *h₂éwsi *? *h₂éws, *h₂éwsi
instrumental *h₂éwsh₁ *? *h₂uséh₁
Notes
  • Acrostatic singular, amphikinetic plural
  • Nominative: *h₂óws-s > *h₂ṓws
  • Genitive: *h₂éws-s > *h₂ḗws, or *h₂usós
  • Dual: *h₂(e)usih₁
  • Collective plural: *h₂éw(s)ōs, genitive *h₂u(s)-s-és

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian:
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *auš-
    • Latvian: auss
    • Lithuanian: ausis
    • Old Prussian: āusins
    • Slavic: *uxo (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *ausos (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *ausô (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hā́wšiH du (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *auzis

ReferencesEdit