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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/séh₂ls

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

NounEdit

*séh₂ls

  1. salt

DeclensionEdit

Athematic
singular
nominative *séh₂ls
genitive *sh₂lés
singular dual plural
nominative *séh₂ls
vocative *séh₂l
accusative *séh₂lm̥
genitive *sh₂lés
ablative *sh₂lés
dative *sh₂léy
locative *sh₂él, *sh₂éli
instrumental *sh₂léh₁

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: ngjelmë (salty)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: աղ ()
    • Old Armenian: աղտ (ałt) < *séh₂ld-
  • Balto-Slavic: *salˀdus (from *sh₂el-d-u- or *sh₂l-d-u-)
  • Celtic: *salo-, *sālo- (saltwater)
    • Brythonic: *salo-
    • Goidelic: *sālo-
  • Celtic: *salano-, *saleno-
  • Germanic: *saltą (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian
      • Persian: هلتاک(haltâk, salty yoghurt), هلث(halþ~halt, salty, salty food)
  • Italic:
    • Latin: sāl (see there for further descendants)
    • Umbrian: salu
  • Tocharian:
  • → Uralic (independent loans from early Indo-European at least in Finno-Permic and Ob-Ugric;[1] common Finno-Permic *sala is sometimes reconstructed[2])

Derived termsEdit

  • Unsorted formations:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Joki, Aulis J. (1973) Uralier und Indogermanen [Uralians and Indo-Europeans] (Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Toimituksia; 151) (in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, →ISBN
  2. ^ Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó