Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/tend-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Possible reanalyzed root of *ten- +‎ *-dʰh₁eti.

RootEdit

*tend- (perfective)[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. to stretch, to extend

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 627-628
  2. 2.0 2.1 Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997), “tend”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 129
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “tendō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 612
  4. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1065f
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 378
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 458

Etymology 2Edit

Possibly an extension of *temh₁- (to cut).

RootEdit

*tend-[1][2][3][4]

  1. to split, cut off

Derived termsEdit

  • *ténd-e-ti (thematic root present)[4]
  • *tn̥-né-d-ti ~ *tn̥-n-d-énti (nasal-infix present)[4]
    • Celtic: [Term?]
  • *te-tónd-e ~ *te-tn̥d-ḗr (perfect)[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “τένδω”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1466
  2. 2.0 2.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “tondeō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 622
  3. 3.0 3.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*tend-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 378
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “2.*tend-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 628
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*tondā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 383